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Genus Collabium

Genus Collabium

Collabium Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 357


  • Genus Collabiopsis S.S.Ying, Col. Illust. Indig. Orch. Taiwan 1 (1977) 112

Sympodial terrestrial plants with short to long rhizomes. Pseudobulbs consisting of one internode, rather slender, one-leaved. Leaves not sheathing at the base, glabrous, plicate, not deciduous, convolute, often with dark spots, thin-textured. Inflorescence a terminal raceme arising on a specialised leafless shoot. Flowers medium-sized, resupinate (often only partly so), usually somewhat asymmetric. Sepals free. Petals more or less intermediate in shape and size between the dorsal sepal and the lateral sepals. Lip without spur (but the column-foot is provided with a spur!), three-lobed, at the base with two abruptly raised fleshy crests, not mobile. Column-foot present, provided with a short spur. Pollinia 2, solid, caudicles, stipe, and viscidium absent.

Species present in New Guinea:

Collabium carinatum
Collabium vesicatum

Southeast Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Pacific islands, east to Fiji. Eleven species; in New Guinea 2 species.

Terrestrial in montane forest.

  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Undetermined
  • Subtribe Collabiinae
  • Genus Collabium
  • Burgh, W. van der and E.F. de Vogel. 1997. Revision of the orchid genera Chrysoglossym, Collabium, Diglyphosa, and Pilophyllum (subtribe Collabiinae). Orchid Monogr. 8 (1997) 135-174.

The flowers of Collabium are often half twisted (partly resupinate) and slightly asymmetric. In some species the spotted leaves are quite ornamental, but it seems that the leaves are short-lived, at least in cultivation. Collabium is related to Chrysoglossum, but the lip is not mobile and does not have pleated basal margins. The genus is uncommon in the wild and very rare in cultivation.

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Genus Collabium

Collabium carinatum de Vogel, habit (in situ), photo N.E.G. Cruttwell, based on Cruttwell (/80, PNG, Mt. Gahavisuka)

Genus Collabium

Collabium carinatum de Vogel, inflorescence, photo N.E.G. Cruttwell, based on Cruttwell (5/83, PNG, Mt. Gahavisuka)

Genus Collabium

Collabium vesicatum (Rchb.f.) Schltr., drawing Mutsuko Nakajima, from Orchid Monogr. 8 (1997) fig. 81