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Genus Hetaeria

Genus Hetaeria

Hetaeria Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 409 ['Etaeria']


  • Genus Aetheria Endl., Gen. Pl. (1837) 214
  • Genus Cerochilus Lindl., Gard. Chron. (1854) 87
  • Genus Etaeria Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 409
  • Genus Rhamphidia Lindl., J. Linn. Soc.

Sympodial terrestrial plants. Stem elongated, slightly succulent, basal part usually creeping, forming a rhizome, apical part erect. Leaves few, crowded, spirally arranged, sheathing at the base, glabrous, persistent, convolute, green, herbaceous. Inflorescence a many-flowered terminal raceme. Flowers very small, not or only partly resupinate, greenish or brownish. Sepals free. Petals free, about as long as the dorsal sepal, usually cohering at the apices. Lip without spur, not mobile. Column in front with two lamellae. Column-foot absent. Pollinia 2, sectile, caudicles present, stipe absent, viscidium present. Stigma with two clearly separated lobes.

Species present in New Guinea:

Hetaeria baeuerlenii
Hetaeria callosa
Hetaeria goodyeroides
Hetaeria latipetala
Hetaeria latipetala var. longirostris
Hetaeria oblongifolia

Sri Lanka, tropical continental Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Pacific islands, east to Tahiti. About 20 species; in New Guinea c. 4 species.

Terrestrial in lowland and montane forest.

  • Subfamily Orchidoideae
  • Tribe Cranichideae
  • Subtribe Goodyerinae
  • Genus Hetaeria

In habit similar to the green-leaved species of Goodyera, Hylophila, etc., but with very small, not resupinate flowers. It is certainly the least ornamental genus in this alliance.

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Genus Hetaeria

Hetaeria latipetala Schltr., flowers, front- and lateral view, photo E.F. de Vogel, from Leiden cult. 20031741

Genus Hetaeria

Hetaeria oblongifolia Blume, plant with inflorescence, in situ, photo E.F. de Vogel, from Raka

Genus Hetaeria

Hetaeria latipetala Schltr., inflorescence, photo E.F. de Vogel, from Leiden cult. 20031741