Genus Bulbophyllum section Pelma
Bulbophyllum section Pelma (Finet) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 703. Type species: Bulbophyllum absconditum J.J.Sm.
- Genus Dactylorhynchus Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 890
- Genus Pelma Finet, Not. Syst. (Paris) 1 (1909) 112
Small to medium sized epiphytes. Rhizomes erect to approx. stiffly pendulous; rhizome bracts thin to thick, surface minutely colliculate to densely papillose or transversely rugate, rather persistent and finally often breaking up into transverse segments, veins rather persistent. Roots sprouting mainly near to the base of the rhizomes, growing backwards towards the substratum over or alongside the rhizome, glabrous or slightly and minutely hirsute locally. Pseudobulbs conspicuous compared to the size of the plant, 1-leafed, with shoots sprouting at or slightly above its (sub-)basal node and free, not fused to the pseudobulb. Leaves persistent, thick, veins inconspicuous. Inflorescences sprouting from or slightly above nodes along the length of the rhizome, single to few-fasciculate, 1-flowered or racemose with flowers distichous. Peduncle much shorter than the pseudobulbs, peduncle bracts 2—6, scattered but most in the basal half of the peduncle. Rachis, if present, not thickened. Flowers per inflorescence several to all open at a time; floral bracts tubular; pedicel with the basal node well above the attachment of the floral bract, shorter than the ovary. Sepals free, the lateral sepals 0.9—1.5 times as long as the median sepal; 0.1—3.1 cm long, elliptic to triangular, rounded to caudate, margins entire, glabrous (ciliate or with glandular hairs in Bulbophyllum ankylorhinon and Bulbophyllum fractiflexum); thin to thick, top often thickened; 1—7-nerved, surface glabrous. Petals 0.025—0.9 cm long, elliptic to (ob-)ovate, rhombiform or spathulate, rounded to acute, margins entire to slightly erose (distally), glabrous to finely papillose distally; thin, 1—3-nerved, surface glabrous to finely papillose distally (margins and adaxial surface with coarse, elongated papillae in Bulbophyllum ankylorhinon). Lip mobile on a thin ligament, without auricles near the ligament, undivided (3-lobed in Bulbophyllum mesodon), 0.04—0.38 cm long, elliptic to (ob-)ovate, oblong (panduriform in Bulbophyllum latipes), margins glabrous to finely papillose (with coarse, elongated papillae in Bulbophyllum ankylorhinon), surface glabrous to papillose; adaxially usually with an inconspicuous to distinct cavity immediately above the ligament (basal cavity, absent in Bulbophyllum ankylorhinon, Bulbophyllum colliferum), with two converging ridges, knobs or teeth (basal teeth), together forming a transverse wall with a notch half-way, separating it from the rest of the lip, distally to this wall with or without two hardly to distinctly converging ridges in approx. flexural position (with an additional median ridge in Bulbophyllum latipes). Column with rostellum front slightly receding between the stelidia tips to distinctly and beak-like projecting beyond them; stigma large, without keels inside, at the base usually protruding or with a tooth, column foot with the free part short or long; usually just short of the ligament with a distinct median tooth which fits into the basal cavity of the lip; stelidia shorter than 1/2 of the length of the column, or rudimentary, if present c. semi-elliptic to triangular, sometimes erose but approx. without teeth along the margins; anther with a low or high, rounded crest,in front somewhat concave or not, front margin not drawn out; pollinia 4, with the inner ones half as long as the outer ones or longer; sometimes with a single, small, easily lost stipe.