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Genus Pinalia

Genus Pinalia

Pinalia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal, 31 (1825), in syn.; Lindl., Coll. Bot. (Appendix), Orchidearum Sceletos (1826) 21. Type species: Pinalia alba Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don.


  • Eria sect . Acervata Rchb.f., Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1861) 269.Type species: Eria acervata Lindl.
  • Eria sect. Hymeneria Lindl. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Bot. 3 (1859) 52. Type species: not designated.
  • Eria sect. Myristicana Pfitzer in Engler, Nat. Pflanzenf. (1888) 176. Type species: Eria myristiciformis Lindl.
  • Eria sect. Pinalia (Buch. Ham. ex D. Don) Lindl., Gen. Spec Orchid. Pl. (1830) 70.
  • Eria sect. Polyura Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9 (1911) 106. Type species: Eria polyura Lindl.
  • Eria sect. Secundae Leav., Philipp. J. Sci., C, 4 (1909) 217. Type species: Eria stricta Lindl.
  • Eria sect. Urostachia Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1859) 60. Type species: not designated.
  • Hymeneria (Lindl.) M. A. Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13 (2002) 501. Type species: E. obesa Lindl.
  • Urostachia (Lindl.) Brieger in Rudolf Schlechter; Die Orchideen, 3rd ed., 1, 11-12 (1981) 716. Type species: Urostachya floribunda (Lindl.) Brieger (basionym: Eria floribunda Lindl.).

Epiphytes or terrestrial plants. Roots thin. Stem elliptic in cross section; internodes several, enlarged, each enclosed by a semi-transparent scaled leaf with distinct venation; leaves on upper half of stem or with few leaves near the apex. Leaves linear, lanceolate or narrowly elliptic, usually coriaceous and with out a distinct petiole. lnflorescence often from a pit in the stem, lateral, erect or nodding, usually with scale-­like, brown hairs; floral bracts conspicuous. Flower colour variable . Sepals outside densely to laxly pubescent. Median sepal narrowly triangular to narrowly elliptical. Lateral sepals triangular, ventrally broadened at the base; mentum distinct. Petals similar in size and colour to dorsal sepal. Lip 3-lobed, hinged at the base, usually with papillose keels. Column with a column foot; anther easily detached; pollinia 8, clavate.
(after Cribb & Ng 2005)

Genus Pinalia contains c. 160 species ranging from northwest Himalaya and northeast India to Burma to southern China, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Malesia, Papua New Guinea, northeast Australia, and the Pacific islands.

Branch and trunk epiphytes or sometimes lithophytes in lowland warm and temperate evergreen forest, riverine forest, kerangas forest, hill Dipterocarp forest, lower and upper montane forest, and secondary forest.

  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Podochileae
  • Subtribe Eriinae
  • Genus Pinalia
  • Hooker,J.D. (1890). Eria . Flora of British India 5, 786.
  • Clements, M.A. (2002). Bryobium. Orchadian 13, 501.
  • Ng, Y P (2002). Phylogenetic relationships in tribe Podochileae (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae): based on combined evidence from molecular and morphological data. Ph.D. thesis, University of London.

Formerly Genus Eria Subgenus Pinalia and Sections Hymeneria, Polyura, Secundae and Urostachya.

Genus Pinalia in New Guinea contains 16 species and 1 variety; the occurrence of Pinalia bogoriensis var. kurokawae in New Guinea is doubtful.

Pinalia baeuerleniana
Pinalia bogoriensis var. kurokawae
Pinalia bractescens
Pinalia cycloglossa
Pinalia daymaniana
Pinalia fitzalanii
Pinalia lancilabris
Pinalia ledermannii
Pinalia maboroensis
Pinalia mafuluensis
Pinalia microglossa
Pinalia moluccana
Pinalia oligotricha
Pinalia pandurata
Pinalia semirepens
Pinalia serrulata
Pinalia sublobulata
Pinalia truncicola

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Genus Pinalia

Pinalia fitzalanii Kuntze, habit, photo P. O'Byrne, based on O'Byrne E015