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Genus Mycaranthes

Genus Mycaranthes

Mycaranthes Blume, Bijdr. FL Ned. lndië (1825) 352. Type species: Mycaranthes lobata Blume.


  • Eria sect. Mycaranthes(Blume) Rchb.f., Bonplandia, 5, 55 (185 7).
  • Eria sect. Ancipites Rchb.f., Bonplandia5 (1857) 55, nom. nud. Based on: Eria sonkaris Rchb.f.
  • Eria sect. Eriura Lindl., Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., 3 (1859) 55, nom. superfl.

Epiphytes or rarely terrestrial herbs. Stem cane-like, cylindrical; internodes few to many; leaves along its entire length. Leaves articulate, conduplicate or terete, alternate, biseriate, usually long and narrow; leaf sheaths persistent, tightly around the stem. Inflorescence subterminal or terminal, 1 or usually several (up to 12) together; indument of stellate hairs; floral bracts (broadly) triangular. Flowers spirally arranged, widely open. Ovary tomentose. Sepals outside tomentose; median sepal elliptic to triangular with acute apex; lateral sepals obliquely triangular, broadened at the base, with acute apex . Petals narrow, smaller than sepals. Lip perpendicular to the column foot, rigid, undivided or distinctly 3-lobed; callus bipartite, farinose, with a powdery median ridge that usually ends in a protruding globular callus. Column erect; anther hinged on a thin filament, hat­-shaped, with almost flat ventral side, usually not tightly covering the pollinia; pollinia usually fully exposed, 8, clavate, equal in size, with a common caudicle; stigma almost orbicular or semi-orbicular.
(after Cribb & Ng 2005)

Eastern Himalayas (India, Nepal, and Bhutan),northeast India to Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, southern China, peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isl., Sulawesi and New Guinea), the Philippines and Papua New Guinea.

Peat swamp forest, kerangas forest, hill Dipterocarp forest, stunted forest on ultrabasic soil, lower and montane forest. Altitude 0-2400 m.

  • Reichenbach, H. G. (1857). Orchidaceae Zollingerianae itineris primi recensentur. Bonplandia 5, 31-58.
  • Brieger, F. G. (1981). Dendrobiinae. In Rudolf Schlechter, Die Orchideen, 3rd ed. (ed. F. C. Brieger, R. Maatsch, and K. Senghas) pp. 636-752. Paul Parey, Berlin.
  • Ng, Y. P. (2002). Phylogenetic relationships in tribe Podochilinae (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae): based on combined evidence from molecular and morphological data. Ph.D. thesis, University of London.
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Podochileae
  • Subtribe Eriinae
  • Genus Hymeneria

Formerly Genus Eria Section Mycaranthes

Genus Mycaranthes in New Guinea contains 3 species:

Mycaranthes hawkesii
Mycaranthes leucotricha
Mycaranthes stenophylla

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Genus Mycaranthes

Mycaranthes stenophylla (Schltr.) Rauschert, drawing by Rudolf Schlechter, as Eria stenophylla Schltr., in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 669. fig. 845.