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Genus Stereosandra

Genus Stereosandra

Stereosandra Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2 (1856) 176

Leafless terrestrial plants. Rhizome underground, tuber-like. Inflorescence terminal, a many-flowered raceme. Flowers small, resupinate, not opening widely, whitish with violet markings. Sepals and petals free, similar to each other. Lip without spur, not mobile, entire, at the base with two warts. Column-foot absent. Pollinia 2, sectile, caudicles present, stipe absent, viscidium present.

Species present in New Guinea:

Stereosandra javanica


Tropical east Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands. One widespread species [Stereosandra javanica Blume] only.

Terrestrial in lowland and montane forest.

  • Pridgeon, A. M., P.J. Cribb, M.W. Chase & F.N. Rasmussen (Eds.). 2005. Genera Orchidacearum, Volume 4: Epidendroideae (Part one). Pp. 527-528. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Nervilieae
  • Subtribe Epipogiinae
  • Genus Stereosandra

Relatively tall, leafless terrestrial plants. Unlike the related genus Epipogium, the simple lip lacks a spur, and is provided with two basal warts. In both genera the ovaries of the newly opened flowers are distinctly swollen and the plants are self-pollinating. Not in cultivation.


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Genus Stereosandra

Stereosandra javanica Blume, inflorescences, photo N. Cruttwell, slide collection R.B.G. Kew, based on Cruttwell 1282, from PNG, Mt. Gava

Genus Stereosandra

Stereosandra javanica Blume, habit and floral analysis, drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 127

Genus Stereosandra

Stereosandra javanica Blume, inflorescence, photo N. Cruttwell, slide collection R.B.G. Kew, based on Cruttwell 1282, from PNG, Mt. Gava