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Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr. in K.Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. Südsee (1905) 230 ('littoralis')

Type: Schlechter 14619 (holo B, lost)

Synonyms:

  • Trichoglottis papuana Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 993
    - Type: Bogor cult. (Djibdja 492) s.n.
  • Trichoglottis australiensis Dockrill, Orchadian 2 (1967) 106, fig.
    - Type: Brown s.n. (18-III-1967, Cape York Pen., Mc. Ilwraith Range) (holo BRI)

Epiphytic, erect or pendent, unbranched, elongated; roots filiform, elongated, rather thick, flexuose, glabrous. Stem to 100 cm long, many-leaved, entirely covered with the tightly appressed leaf-sheaths, c. 0.5 cm diam. Leaves erect-patent, lanceolate-ligulate, apex obtuse and unequally bilobed, glabrous, coriaceous, 12-14 by 2-2.3 cm; leaf-sheaths striate-veined, 3-3.5 cm long. Inflorescences very short, 2-3-flowered, hardly 1.5 cm long; bracts ovate, acuminate, much shorter than the ovary. Flowers erect-patent. Median sepal narrowly oblong-ligulate, obtuse, 0.7 cm long. Lateral sepals obliquely oblong, subobtuse, along the front margin towards the base somewhat lobe-like dilated, glabrous, nearly as long as the median sepal, but broader. Petals falcate, narrowly oblong-ligulate, subspathulate, obtuse, glabrous, as long as the sepals. Lip 3-lobed, 0.5 cm long; lateral lobes oblong-square, obtuse; mid-lobe concave, reniform, 0.4 cm wide, obtusely subacuminate, with an oblong callus which is puberulous towards the base and an additional minute in front of the mouth of the spur; spur oblong, saccate, obtuse, inside glabrous, 0.3 cm long. Column short, rather thick; rostellum short, ascending bifid. Anther ovate, apex subrostrate-acuminate; pollinia globose 2; stipe narrowly linear, almost 3 times as long as the pollinia; viscidium oblong, smaller than the pollinia. Ovary glabrous, subclavate, 0.7 cm long. (After Schlechter, 1905)


Flower white, lip with red dots (type), or sepals and petals pale greenish yellow with red-brown spots, lip and column white with purple spots.

Epiphyte in lowland forest and on beach trees; 0 to 800 m.

Malesia (New Guinea).

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution map

Warm growing epiphyte.

February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September.

  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 8, 1 (1909) 125, t. 42, fig. 140, as Trichoglottis papuana Schltr.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 993
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 349, fig. 1348
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 350, fig. 1349, as Trichoglottis papuana Schltr.
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 14, 3 (1929) 497
  • O'Byrne, P., Lowland Orchid. Papua New Guinea (1994) 552, fig., as Trichoglottis papuana Schltr.
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Vandeae
  • Subtribe Aeridinae
  • Genus Trichoglottis
  • Species Trichoglottis litoralis

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Trichoglottis litoralis

overview picture

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr., plant habit, photo E.F. de Vogel, based on Leiden cult. 20031646

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr., flowers, front view and oblique front view, photo E.F. de Vogel

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr., flower, front view, photo E.F. de Vogel, based on Leiden cult. 20031646

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr., flower, oblique lateral view, photo E.F. de Vogel

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr., flower, oblique front view, photo E.F. de Vogel, based on Leiden cult. 20032006

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr., flowers, photo A. Schuiteman, based on Leiden cult. 20031646

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr., floral analysis, drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 325, from Manus

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr., flower and floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, based on Djibja 492

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr., floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, from Feuilletau de Bruyn 286

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr., longitudinal section through lip, drawing J.J. Smith, based on Djibja 492

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr., drawing R. Schlechter in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 349, fig. 1348

Trichoglottis litoralis

Trichoglottis papuana Schltr., drawing R. Schlechter in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 350, fig. 1349