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Tropidia curculigoides

Tropidia curculigoides

Tropidia curculigoides Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1840) 497

Type: Wallich (leg. De Silva & Gomez) 7386A (Assam) (syn K); Griffith s.n. (syn K); Macrae s.n. (Ceylon) (syn K-LINDL)


  • Tropidia squamata Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 104, pl. 41 f. 1; Coll. Orchid. (1858) 123
    - Type: Mueller s.n. (Borneo) (holo L)
  • Tropidia graminea Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 104, pl. 41 fig. 3
    - Type: Blume s.n. (Mt. Gede Pangerango) (holo L)

Terrestrial herb. Stems close together, erect, branching, to c. 70 cm long. Leaves c. 18 by 3 cm, spirally arranged, lanceolate, acuminate. Inflorescences terminal and lateral, very short, almost sessile, densely rather few-flowered. Floral bracts short, ovate. Pedicel and ovary 0.7 cm long. Median sepal 1 by 0.35 cm, lanceolate, subobtuse. Lateral sepals 1.37 by 0.35 cm, slightly sigmoid, apiculate. Petals 1 by 0.35 cm, lanceolate, falcate, strongly concave, subobtuse, outside with prominent fleshy midrib. Lip entire, saccate at base, appressed to the column, inside with two keels, outside with a central groove, apical part reflexed, 0.35 by 0.3 cm, oblong-triangular, broadly grooved. Column 0.7 cm long, making a right angle with the ovary, dilated to the apex, in front with a broad central longitudinal groove; rostellum prominent, fleshy, broad, shortly acuminate, bidenticulate. Anther oblong-ovate, acute, about as long as the rostellum. (After Smith, 1905)

Flower yellowish white.

Terrestrial in lower montane forest; 1100 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands, New Guinea), Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, India, Burma, China (to Hainan), Taiwan, Australia.

Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution map

Intermediate growing terrestrial, requires shaded position.


  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 132
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 132, as Tropidia graminea Blume
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1909) fig. 97
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1909) fig. 98, as Tropidia graminea Blume
  • Jones, D.L. & C.R. Dunlop, Orchadian 9 (1988) 129, fig. 1
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Tropidieae
  • Subtribe Not used
  • Genus Tropidia
  • Species Tropidia curculigoides

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Tropidia curculigoides

overview picture

Tropidia curculigoides

Tropidia curculigoides Lindl., herbarium sheet, Wallich 7386 (syntype specimen K), photo copyright the Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Tropidia curculigoides

Tropidia graminea Blume, herbarium sheet, Blume s.n. (Mt. Gede Pangerango) (holotype specimen L)