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Vrydagzynea elongata

Vrydagzynea elongata

Vrydagzynea elongata Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 61, pl. 28 f. 1; Coll. Orchid. (1858) 71. tt.

Type: Guillou, le 42 (New Guinea N. coast, Triton Bay) (holo L)

Synonyms:

  • Vrydagzynea papuana Rchb.f., Bot. Centralbl. 28 (1886) 345
    - Type: Beccari s.n. (holo FI)
  • Vrydagzynea pachyceras Schltr. in K.Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. Südsee (1905) 84
    - Type: Schlechter 13680 (holo B, lost; iso BRI)
  • Vrydagzynea rectangulata J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 2, 13 (1914) 54
    - Type: Gjellerup 787 (iso L)

Erect, glabrous, 13-15 cm high; roots rather thick, finely villose. Stem at the base creeping, the upper part erect, terete, glabrous, leafy. Leaves patent or erect-patent, lanceolate-elliptic, acute or subacute, narrowed at the base into a petiole; blade 2.7-4 cm long, near the middle 1.2-1.7 cm wide; petiole at the base strongly dilated, cucullate-clasping the stem. Inflorescence densely many-flowered, rachis 1.7-3 cm long. Floral bracts lanceolate, acuminate, the lower ones surpassing the ovary, the upper ones shorter. Flowers suberect. Median sepal at the base ovate, oblong, apex cucullate-concave, glabrous on both sides, 0.3 cm long. Later sepals obliquely oblong-ligulate, obtuse, as long as the median sepal but a little narrower. Petals obliquely rhomboid-obovate, subtruncate-obtuse, a little longer than the median sepal and cohering to it along their interior margins. Lip in outline ovate, obtuse, with the apical margins thickened and incurved, inside minutely papillose-puberulous, blade c. 0.2 cm long; spur in front somewhat flattened, inflated, apex subretuse. Column very short, rostellum with emarginate apex. Pollinia pear-shaped; stipe slender, longer than the pollinia; viscidium transversely subrhombic, short. (After Schlechter, 1905, as Vrydagzynea pachyceras Schltr.)


Flower pale green.

Terrestrial in lowland forest, on moist spots and on river banks; 0 to 500 m.

Malesia (Moluccas, New Guinea), Australia.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution map

Warm growing terrestrial, requires shaded position.

January, February, April, May, July, August, September, October.

  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 8, 3 (1911) 525
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1911) 84, as Vrydagzynea pachyceras Schltr.
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 12, 3 (1915) 190
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 34, fig. 116, as Vrydagzynea pachyceras Schltr.
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 14, 3 (1929) 511
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 18, 1 (1935) 12
  • Ormerod, P., Orchadian 11 (1994) 218
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Orchidoideae
  • Tribe Cranichideae
  • Subtribe Goodyerinae
  • Genus Vrydagzynea
  • Species Vrydagzynea elongata

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Vrydagzynea elongata

overview picture

Vrydagzynea elongata

Vrydagzynea elongata Blume, floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, from ?

Vrydagzynea elongata

Vrydagzynea pachyceras Schltr., floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, from Janowsky 632

Vrydagzynea elongata

Vrydagzynea pachyceras Schltr., lip, anther, and bract, drawing J.J. Smith, from Janowsky 632

Vrydagzynea elongata

Vrydagzynea pachyceras Schltr., floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, from Schlechter 14039

Vrydagzynea elongata

Vrydagzynea rectangulata J.J.Sm., column, anther, and bract, drawing J.J. Smith, from Gjellerup 787

Vrydagzynea elongata

Vrydagzynea rectangulata J.J.Sm., floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, from Gjellerup 787

Vrydagzynea elongata

Vrydagzynea pachyceras Schltr., drawing R. Schlechter in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 34, fig. 116

Vrydagzynea elongata

Vrydagzynea elongata Blume, herbarium sheet, Guillou, le 42 (New Guinea N. coast, Triton Bay) (holotype specimen L)

Vrydagzynea elongata

Vrydagzynea rectangulata J.J.Sm., herbarium sheet, Gjellerup 717 (isotype specimen L)