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Lecanorchis javanica

Lecanorchis javanica

Lecanorchis javanica Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2 (1856) 188

Type: Blume s.n. (Mengamendung, W. Java) (holo L)

Synonyms:

  • Lecanorchis triloba J.J.Sm., Bull. Dép. Agric. Indes Néerl. 19 (1908) 26
    - Type: Versteeg 1676 (holo BO)
  • Lecanorchis papuana Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1911) 34
    - Type: Schlechter 16952 (syn B, lost; iso BO, E, K, L 2x, NSW); 17808 (syn B, lost); 19458 (syn B, lost)
  • Lecanorchis pauciflora J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 2, 26 (1918) 6
    - Type: Backer 1447 (syn BO); 11032 (syn BO); 11084 (syn BO; iso L); 14307 (syn BO); 16003 (syn BO); J.J. Smith s.n. (VI-1906) (syn BO)

Peduncle erect, thin, angular, 8.5-40 cm long, covered with c. 4 short, appressed, triangular, 0.2 cm long scales; rachis 2 cm long, c. 7 flowered. Floral bracts shortly triangular, concave, keeled, 0.1-0.2 cm long. Flowers widely opening, 1.6 cm wide. Median sepal reflexed, lanceolate, obtuse, concave, 0.8 cm long, 0.2 cm wide. Lateral sepals widely patent, subobliquely lanceolate, obtuse, concave, 0.85 cm long, 0.25 cm wide. Petals recurved, lanceolate, spathulate, obtuse, concave, with incurved margins, 0.8 cm long, 0.23 cm wide. Lip erect, clawed; claw broad, with especially in the apical part thickened margins, adnate to the column, forming a 0.37 cm long tube; blade 3-lobed, inside near the base of the lateral lobes with two short, rounded, thick calli and with two pubescent longitudinal keels that are thickened below the midlobe, lip when flattened in total 0.9 cm long, between the lateral lobes 0.4 cm wide, from base up to apex of the lateral lobes 0.55 cm long; lateral lobes very small, erect, incurved, rounded; mid-lobe erect, obovate-triangular, crenulate-finely erose, near the middle indistinctly 3-lobulate-swollen, verrucose and papillose-pubescent, 0.35 cm long, 0.48 cm wide. Column adnate to the lip, at the apex free, slender, clavate, slightly flexuose, 0.55 cm long; clinandrium concave. Ovary straight, 6 grooved, 0.8 cm long, at the apex with a 6-dentate, membranous, 0.1 cm long, 0.16 cm wide calyculus. (After Smith, 1909 and Smith, 1913)


Stem and ovary dull brownish and violet. Sepals and petals light brown, lip and column white.

Terrestrial in hill and lower montane forest; 300 to 1000 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Java, New Guinea, Philippines), Vietnam.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Parasite on fungi, impossible to cultivate under normal conditions.

April, May, June, August, December.

  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 62
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1908) fig. 40
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 8, 1 (1909) 10, t. 3, fig. 9, as Lecanorchis triloba J.J.Sm.
  • Smith, J.J., Bull. Dép. Agric. Indes Néerl. 43 (1910) 1
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 12, 3 (1915) 185
  • Smith, J.J., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 5 (1922) t. 25, fig. I, as Lecanorchis pauciflora J.J.Sm.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 16, fig. 48, as Lecanorchis papuana Schltr.
  • O'Byrne, P. & J. J. Vermeulen, Malayan Orchid Rev. 36 (2002) 48, pl., fig.
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Vanilloideae
  • Tribe Vanilleae
  • Genus Lecanorchis
  • Species Lecanorchis javanica

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Lecanorchis javanica

overview picture

Lecanorchis javanica

Lecanorchis papuana Schltr., drawing R. Schlechter in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 16, fig. 48

Lecanorchis javanica

Lecanorchis javanica Blume, floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, based on Gjellerup 481

Lecanorchis javanica

Lecanorchis triloba J.J.Sm., floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, based on Versteeg 1676

Lecanorchis javanica

Lecanorchis javanica Blume, herbarium sheet, Blume s.n. (holotype specimen L)

Lecanorchis javanica

Lecanorchis papuana Schltr., herbarium sheet, Schlechter 16952 (isotype specimen BO)

Lecanorchis javanica

Lecanorchis papuana Schltr., herbarium sheet, Schlechter 16952 (isotype specimen L)

Lecanorchis javanica

Lecanorchis papuana Schltr., herbarium sheet, Schlechter 16952 (isotype specimen L)