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Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1896) 47

Synonyms:

  • Anoectochilus sanderianus Kraenzl., Gard. Chron. (1895, II) 484
    - Type: Sander cult. (Forget) s.n. (XII-1895, Sunda Islands) (holo K)

Basionym: Anoectochilus sanderianus

Terrestrial. Leaves rosulate, petiolate, ovate-elliptic, apex acute, recurved, margin crispate-undulate, 5.6-10 by 2.5-5 cm; petiole dilated, 1.8 cm long, sheathing at the base. Inflorescence c. 30 cm high, erect, puberulous, in the basal part with a few ovate-oblong peduncle-scales; rachis 8.7-20 cm long, laxly many-flowered. Floral bracts ovate, acute, concave, membranous, 0.6 cm long. Flowers pubescent outside. Sepals spreading, ovate-oblong, obtuse, concave, 0.5-0.6 cm long. Petals linear-oblong, obtuse, as long as the sepals. Lip 0.5 cm long, ventricose at the base; blade recurved, twisted sideways, spathulate-oblong, obtuse, base finely crenulate; basal sac with two glands, minutely auriculate at the apex on either side. Column broad, asymmetrically twisted, 0.4 cm long. Pollinia pyriform, narrowed to the base; viscidium scale-like. Pedicel with ovary 0.8-1 cm long, pubescent. (After Rolfe, 1918)


Leaves dark olive-green to bronze-brown with golden yellow veins, the main nerves light green near the centre, the wavy margins pale brown. Flowers brownish green, lip white, saccate basal part reddish.

Terrestrial in lowland and montane forest, often among rocks, sometimes on forested limestone cliffs; 125-1600 m.

Malesia (New Guinea), Solomon Island.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Warm growing terrestrial, requires shaded position.

March, May, June, July, September, November, December.

  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1911) 71
  • Rolfe, R., Curtis's Bot. Mag. 14 (1918) t. 8744
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 29, fig. 97
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 18, 1 (1935) 14
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Orchidoideae
  • Tribe Cranichideae
  • Subtribe Goodyerinae
  • Genus Macodes
  • Species Macodes sanderiana

This beautiful plant may be distinguished from other Macodes species by the crispate leaf margins.


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Macodes sanderiana

overview picture

Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe, in situ, photo N.E.G. Cruttwell

Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe, habit, photo J. van Bodegom, from Hollandia (= Jayapura), Papua, Indonesia

Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe, habit, photo Roy. Bot. Gard. Kew, based on Kew cult. (Sands et al. 2613)

Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe, inflorescence, photo Roy. Bot. Gard. Kew, based on Kew cult. (Sands et al. 2613)

Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe, drawing R. Schlechter in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 29, fig. 97

Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe, from Curtis's Bot. Mag. 14 (1918) t. 8744

Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe, drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 122, based on NGF 12173

Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe, herbarium sheet, Left: Sander cult. (December 1895) (probably 'clonotype' specimen, K); Right: Kew cult. s.n. (Sept. 1916) (not a type specimen), photo copyright the Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe, detail of herbarium sheet, Sander cult. (December 1895) (probably 'clonotype' specimen, K), photo copyright the Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Macodes sanderiana

Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe, detail of herbarium sheet, Sander cult. (December 1895) (probably 'clonotype' specimen, K), photo copyright the Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew