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Acriopsis liliifolia

Acriopsis liliifolia

Acriopsis liliifolia (J.Koenig) Ormerod, Opera Bot. 124 (1995) 58


  • Epidendrum liliifolium J.Koenig in Retz., Observ. Bot. 6 (1791) 61
    - Type: Koenig (not designated)
  • Acriopsis javanica Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 377; Tab. & Pl. Jav. Orchid. (1825) t. 71
    - Type: Blume s.n. (HLB 902-322-65) (lecto L)
  • Spathoglottis trivalvis Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1831) 120
    - Type: Wallich 3742 (holo K)
  • Acriopsis picta Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. (1843) Misc. 69
    - Type: Houtte, van cult. (Papeleu) s.n. (Java, Bantam) (holo K?, probably lost or never collected)
  • Acriopsis griffithii Rchb.f., Bonplandia 2 (1854) 92
    - Type: Griffith, Icon. Pl. As. 3 (1851) t. 318, based on Griffith s.n. (Malacca) (K, probably lost)
  • Acriopsis nelsoniana F.M.Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 3 (1898) 7 or 160
    - Type: Bailey s.n. (New Guinea, Gira R., May 1898) (holo BRI)
  • Acriopsis javanica Reinw. ex Blume var. nelsoniana (F.M.Bailey) J.J.Sm., Nova Guinea 14 (1929) 492
  • Acriopsis papuana Kraenzl. in K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. Südsee (1901) 250 (nom. nud.)
    - Type: Lauterbach 483 (holo? HBG)
  • Acriopsis philippinensis Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 215, fig.
    - Type: Williams 2778 (syn NY 2x); Clemens s.n. (XI-1906); 218
  • Acriopsis annamica Finet, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 2 (1911) 25
    - Type: Guibert s.n. (Qui-nhon, Vietnam)
  • Acriopsis nelsoniana F.M.Bailey var. pallidiflora Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 950
    - Type: Schlechter 19564 (holo B, lost)
  • Acriopsis floribunda Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 306
    - Type: Bur. Sci. (Ramos & Pascasio) 35112 (holo AMES; iso AMES, K)
  • Acriopsis javanica Reinw. ex Blume var. floribunda (Ames) Minderh. & de Vogel, Orchid Monogr. 1 (1986) 13, fig. 1d-e
  • Acriopsis insulari-silvatica Fukuy., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 28 (1938) 3
    - Type: Kanehira 563
  • Acriopsis harai Tuyama, J. Jap. Bot. 39 (1964) 129
    - Type: Hara s.n. (Gangtok, Sikkim) (holo TI?, not seen by Minderhoud & de Vogel)

Basionym: Epidendrum liliifolium

Plants entirely glabrous except the lip sometimes somewhat hairy, 16-115 cm high. Main roots 0.1-0.35 cm diam., catch roots 0.03-0.15 cm diam. Rhizome 0.2-0.6 cm diam., between the pseudobulbs with 3-5 internodes 0.2-0.7 cm long; scales 0.5-1 cm long, often eroded. Pseudobulb scales 3-4, 1.5-7 cm long. Pseudobulbs 0.5-2.5 cm apart, 1.3-6 by 1-3 cm, with 5-7 internodes, (2-)3-4-leaved. Leaves petiolate, petiole 1.5-2.5 cm long; blade linear, 5-28 by 0.3-2 cm, apex acute to obtuse, sometimes with a small acumen. Panicle 12-200-flowered, erect or drooping, 16-90 cm long, curved at the tip; basal scales appressed, 3-5, 0.4-1.7 cm long; peduncle 8.5-55 cm long, 0.1-0.35 cm diam., with 2-4 internodes; peduncle scales appressed, 0.4-1.6 cm long; rachis 8-38 cm long; branches 0-7, to 25 cm long, sometimes with secondary branches. Floral bracts 0.15-0.3 by 0.05-0.15 cm. Pedicel 0.3-0.64 cm long, c. 0.04 cm diam., ovary 0.2-0.35 cm long. Flowers 0.2-4 cm apart, 0.8-1.4 cm diam. Median sepal 0.47-0.72 by 0.1-0.28 cm; apex acute, nerves 3. Synsepalum 0.45-0.65 by 0.14-0.32 cm; apex obtuse; nerves 4-6. Petals oblong to obovate, 0.43-0.68 by 0.15-0.3 cm; apex rounded; nerves 3 or 5. Lip 3-lobed. Hypochilium: adnate part 0.21-0.3 cm long, sometimes slightly inflated, centrally constricted; basal outgrowth c. 0.04 cm from the base of the column, 0.05-0.17 cm long, patent to deflexed; free part narrowed, more or less canaliculate, 0.09-0.16 by 0.08-0.15 cm, apically without marginal auricles. Epichilium 0.38-0.5 by 0.25-0.5 cm, from base to keel centrally slightly swollen; lateral lobes obovate, triangular or obliquely rectangular, spreading or bent forwards, 0.1-0.2 by 0.14-0.22 cm, slightly convex, tips rounded to obtuse; glabrous or sometimes with very short hairs; end-lobe obovate with a broad base to spathulate, 0.14-0.31 by 0.06-0.14 cm, apex rounded to slightly emarginate, deflexed, glabrous; keels on the base of the end-lobe, erect to ascending, 0.06-0.13 by 0.04-0.06 cm, tips rounded to truncate, sometimes slightly papillose. Column almost straight, 0.38-0.6 cm long; stelidia 0.09-0.15 cm long, 0.03-0.05 cm diam., tips swollen, decurved; hood straight, 0.09-0.15 cm long, not constricted, its top margin not recurved, entire, emarginate or slightly crenulate. Stigma elliptic in outline, sometimes slightly elevated; rostellum beak-like or narrowly triangular, 0.09-0.13 cm long. Anther more or less pear-shaped, 0.06-0.1 by 0.03-0.04 by 0.03-0.05 cm. Pollinia more or less falcate and flattened or obovoid, the inner two narrower, 0.07 by 0.02-0.03 cm; tips rounded to acute; stipes 0.06-0.07 cm long; viscidium more or less ovate, 0.01-0.015 by 0.01 cm. Fruit ellipsoid to globose, 0.9-1.5 by 0.8-1 cm. (After Minderhoud & de Vogel, 1986).

Note: An easily recognised and common species with short fat pseudobulbs and slender, much-branched inflorescences carrying quite small flowers. The only other orchid in New Guinea that is vaguely similar in this respect is the unrelated Ridleyella paniculata, which differs in many ways, for example in the free lateral sepals. Specimens in New Guinea often, but not always, have much paler coloured flowers than those occurring in the western part of the distribution area.

Sepals and petals greenish white to cream-coloured; sepals with a purple blotch at the tip and a more or less outstretched median purple stain, petals with purple markings varying from a longitudinal median purple stripe to only an apical purple spot. Lip cream-coloured; free part of the hypochilium purple-stained; lateral lobes with a more or less clear purple centre; end-lobe centrally purple with purple keels. Column purplish brown with purple stelidia tipped shiny yellow. Hood and rostellum greenish white, pollinia yellow. Leaves and pseudobulbs shiny apple-green, inflorescence stalk green; peduncle scales and (floral) bracts more or less transparent with a purplish median stripe, pedicels lighter green, ovaries somewhat darker. In New Guinea besides the common form with purple markings, a lighter form with pale yellow flowers with a purplish centred lip and a green column occurs. Also entirely cream-coloured flowers occur there. Both forms occur throughout the island.

Locally common epiphyte, in primary rain forest, savanna, mangroves, coastal swamp forest (on Melaleuca leucadendron and Pandanus species) and freshwater forest, often on dead wood, also in plantations, once on tufts of grass at the shore (in Peninsular M

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, New Guinea, The Philippines), Thailand, Vietnam, ?Sikkim, Australia, Solomon Islands.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Warm to intermediate growing epiphyte, keep in light position.

January, February, March, May, July, September, October, December.

  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Cymbidieae
  • Subtribe Eulophiinae
  • Genus Acriopsis
  • Species Acriopsis liliifolia
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 537, as Acriopsis javanica Reinw. ex Blume
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1912) fig. 410, as Acriopsis javanica Reinw. ex Blume
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 950, as Acriopsis nelsoniana F.M.Bailey
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 335, fig. 1293, as Acriopsis nelsoniana F.M.Bailey
  • Dockrill, A. W., Austral. Indig. Orchids 1 (1969) 616, fig., as Acriopsis javanica Reinw. ex Blume var. nelsoniana (F.M.Bailey) J.J.Sm.
  • Minderhoud, M.E. & E.F. de Vogel, Orchid Monogr. 1 (1986) 9, fig. 1 & 6, pl. 1c & d, as Acriopsis javanica Reinw. ex Blume
  • Lewis, B.A. & P.J. Cribb, Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville (1991) 308, fig. 80
  • O'Byrne, P., Lowland Orchid. Papua New Guinea (1994) 568, fig., as Acriopsis javanica Reinw. ex Blume

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Acriopsis liliifolia

overview picture

Acriopsis liliifolia

Acriopsis liliifolia (J.Koenig) Ormerod, plant in situ, photo Graham Corbin, from Papua New Guinea, Central Prov.

Acriopsis liliifolia

Acriopsis liliifolia (J.Koenig) Ormerod, habit, photo P. O'Byrne, based on O'Byrne A020

Acriopsis liliifolia

Acriopsis liliifolia (J.Koenig) Ormerod, inflorescence, photo P. O'Byrne, based on O'Byrne A020

Acriopsis liliifolia

Acriopsis liliifolia (J.Koenig) Ormerod, flower detail, photo A. Schuiteman, Leiden cult. 970567

Acriopsis liliifolia

Acriopsis liliifolia (J.Koenig) Ormerod, column and lip, photo B. Kieft, Leiden cult. 21370

Acriopsis liliifolia

Acriopsis nelsoniana F.M.Bailey, from Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 335, fig. 1293

Acriopsis liliifolia

Acriopsis liliifolia (J.Koenig) Ormerod, drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 57, from Garaina