Bromheadia finlaysoniana

Bromheadia finlaysoniana

Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq., Fl. Ned. Indiƫ 3 (1859) 709


  • Grammatophyllum finlaysonianum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 173
    - Type: Wallich (Finlayson) 7361B (lecto K, chosen by Scheindelen & de Vogel 1997); Wallich 7361A (syn K)
  • Bromheadia palustris Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 27 (1841) 89, Misc. 184
  • Coelogyne caulescens Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 3 (1851) 282
    - Type: Griffith s.n. (Malay Peninsula, Bisar Isl.) (holo K, p.p., only the inflorescence)
  • Pleione caulescens (Griff.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 680
  • Bromheadia sylvestris Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28 (1891) 337
    - Type: Ridley s.n. Singapore, (Kranji) (holo BM; iso AMES)
  • Bromheadia palustris Lindl. var. sylvestris (Ridl.) Holttum, Orchids Malaya, ed. 3 (1964) 543
  • Bromheadia palustris Lindl. var. papuana J.J.Sm., Nova Guinea 8, 1 (1909) 26, pl. 9, 26
    - Type: Versteeg 1296 (holo BO; iso AMES, BO, CAL, K, L, SING)
  • Bromheadia pulchra Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 367
    - Type: Schlechter 19288 (holo B, lost; iso AMES, BO, E, G, GRAY, K, L, MO, NSW); 19212 (syn B, lost)
  • Bromheadia venusta T.E.Hunt, Austral. Orchid Rev. 18 (1953) 101
    - Type: Barnes 1949 (holo BRI) (no flowers)

Basionym: Grammatophyllum finlaysonianum

Terrestrial plants, slender to very stout, to 1.5 m high. Stem almost terete, 0.3-1.2 cm diam.; internodes 3-8.5 cm long; flowering stems on the basal part with 3-5 bladeless sheaths, central part with 9-18 leaves, upper part 6-45 cm long with 3-8 bladeless sheaths. Leaf sheaths to 3-5 cm long, mostly not overlapping, nerved, opposite the blade with a shallow 0.1-0.3 cm deep U-shaped incision; mucro in the incision short, stiff, about 0.1 cm long. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic, 6-21 by 1.2-4 cm, index 4-10; base for 0.1-0.3 cm petiole-like; margins not parallel, regularly curved; top bilobed, lobes slightly to very unequal, sometimes with a short mucro. Raceme terminal, to 17 cm long, sometimes branched; internodes 0.3-0.4 cm long. Bracts triangular to quadrangular in lateral outline; 4-6 nerved; midrib regularly curved, 0.5-0.6 cm long, top margin curved, 0.5-0.6 cm long. Flowers up to 75 per inflorescence. Pedicel and ovary 0.5-2 cm long. Sepals ovate to elliptic, 2.6-5 by 0.55-1.1 cm, index 3.2-6.7; often the lateral ones keeled, sometimes also the median one. Petals ovate to obovate, 2.6-4.5 by 0.6-1.3 cm, index 2-5. Lip when flattened elliptic in outline, 1.8-3.2 by 0.7-1.7 cm. Hypochile when flattened triangular or elliptic in outline, median somewhat swollen and there with fine papillose warts; lateral lobes large, far projecting in front, mostly pointing forward, sometimes outward, projecting part rounded, 0.3-0.6 cm long, top sometimes ciliolate. Epichile subquadrate to elliptic, 0.8-1.1 by 0.5-0.9 cm, centrally swollen and there with irregular warts, sometimes with cross-bands; base not constricted; margins undulate, sometimes ciliolate; top usually acuminate. Column about lanceolate when flattened, 1.3-2.0 by 0.15-0.25 cm, sometimes dorsally with a strong median rib; seams 0.08-0.15 cm wide, to the top narrowing; top hood-like, 0.15-0.2 cm high; rostellum triangular, about as big as the anther. Anther elliptic in outline, 0.18-0.24 by 0.12-0.15 cm; median crest almost not raised to 0.02 cm high; pollinia ellipsoid to ovoid, c. 0.13 by 0.08 cm long, with a longitudinal groove. Fruit body 4-7 by 0.5-0.8 cm, perianth persistent on top. (After Scheindelen & de Vogel, 1997).

Sepals and petals white to cream coloured, lip white to cream coloured with lateral lobes purple veined and epichile with a central yellow patch; sometimes flowers yellow or orange.

Terrestrial in lowland grassland. Altitude 6-510 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, ?The Philippines, Mentawai Is., Riau and Lingga Arch.), Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Burma, Anambas Is., Australia.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Warm growing terrestrial, keep in light position.

March, June, July, September, October.

  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Cymbidieae
  • Subtribe Bromheadiinae
  • Genus Bromheadia
  • Section Bromheadia
  • Species Bromheadia finlaysoniana
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 12, 3 (1915) 215, as Bromheadia pulchra Schltr.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 132, fig. 493, as Bromheadia pulchra Schltr.
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 18, 1 (1935) 70, as Bromheadia pulchra Schltr.
  • Lavarack, P.S., M.A. Clements & N.H.S. Howcroft, Orchadian 7 (1984) 291, fig. 1-3, as Bromheadia pulchra Schltr.
  • Scheindelen, H.J. & E.F. de Vogel, Orchid Monogr. 8 (1997) 90, fig. 34, pl. 4b

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Bromheadia finlaysoniana

overview picture

Bromheadia finlaysoniana

Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq., from Orchid Monogr. 8 (1997) fig. 34

Bromheadia finlaysoniana

Bromheadia palustris Lindl. var. papuana J.J.Sm., drawing J.J. Smith, from Versteeg 1296

Bromheadia finlaysoniana

Bromheadia palustris Lindl. var. papuana J.J.Sm., drawing J.J. Smith, from Gjellerup 660

Bromheadia finlaysoniana

Bromheadia pulchra Schltr., from Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 132, fig. 493