Prev Species: Styloglossum stella


Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., ser. B, 40(4) (2014) 150

Type: Seemann 606 (holo W, lost; drawing of holo AMES 42470; iso K)

Synonyms:

  • Calanthe ventilabrum Rchb.f. in Seem., Fl. Vitiensis (1868) 298
  • Calanthe bigibba Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9 (1911) 99
    - Type: Vaupel 359 (holo B, lost; iso AMES 35388)
  • Calanthe chrysantha Schltr. in K.Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. Südsee (1905) 141
    - Type: Schlechter 14494 (holo B, lost; iso AMES)
  • Styloglossum chrysanthum (Schltr.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb., Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., ser. B, 40(4) (2014) 148
  • Calanthe chrysantha Schltr. var. orbicularis J.J.Sm., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 66 (1934) 178
    - Type: Mayr 17 (Irian Jaya, Arfak, Mt. Moendi) (holo L; iso BO)
  • Calanthe chrysoleuca Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 386
  • Styloglossum chrysoleucum (Schltr.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb., Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., ser. B, 40(4) (2014) 148
  • Calanthe englishii Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1899) 111.
    - Type: Giulianetti s.n. (Mt. Scratchley, 4000 ft) (holo K)
  • Styloglossum englishii (Rolfe) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb., Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., ser. B, 40(4) (2014) 148
  • Calanthe flabelliformis R.S.Rogers, Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. South Australia 49 (1925) 259
    - Type: Lane-Poole 411 (holo BRI)
  • Calanthe langei F.Muell., S. Sci. Rec., n.s., 1 (1885) 1
    - Type: Lange cult. (Layard) s.n. (VIII-1885, N. Caledonia) (holo MEL)
  • Calanthe tunensis J.J.Sm., Bull. Inst. Bot. Buitenzorg 7 (1900) 3
    - Type: Boerlage 260 (Ambon, on the top of the Tuna) (holo BO 3x; iso L 2x)
  • Styloglossum tunense (J.J.Sm.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb., Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., ser. B, 40(4) (2014) 150

A terrestrial herb up to 1 m tall. Stems pseudobulbous, hidden by the leaf bases. Leaves plicate, distichous, lanceolate, 40-100 by 5-9.5 cm; petiole up to 15 cm long. Inflorescence lateral, arising from the base of the pseudobulb, up to 55 cm long. Rachis 6-7 cm long, densely many-flowered. Floral bracts deciduous. Median sepal ovate, 1 by 0.6 cm. Lateral sepals ovate, 1 by 0.5-0.6 cm. Petals elliptic, 1-1.1 by 0.5-0.6 cm. Lip 3-lobed, 0.55-0.65 by 0.4-0.5 cm, the lateral lobes small, resembling auricles, the mid-lobe rounded and obtuse, basal callus consisting of 2 short, low fleshy ridges; spur clavate, parallel to ovary, 0.5-0.7 by 0.2 cm. Column 0.04 cm long. (After Lewis and Cribb, 1991).

Note: Easily recognised by the uniformly yellow to orange flowers.


Flowers yellow to orange.

Epiphyte in montane forest in shaded positions. Altitude 914-2400 m.

Malesia (Moluccas, New Guinea), Solomon Is., Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Samoa.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Intermediate growing epiphyte, keep in shade.

January, February, April, May, June, July.

  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Undetermined
  • Subtribe Collabiinae
  • Genus Styloglossum
  • Species Styloglossum ventilabrum
  • Smith, J.J., Icon. Bogor. 2 (1903) 69, t. 113A, as Calanthe tunensis J.J.Sm.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 386, as Calanthe chrysantha Schltr.
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 12, 3 (1915) 207, as Calanthe chrysantha Schltr.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 136, fig. 511, as Calanthe chrysantha Schltr.
  • Lewis, B.A. & P.J. Cribb, Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville (1991) 74, fig 13A-L, pl. 4A

Sponsored Ads

Styloglossum ventilabrum

overview picture

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, photo G. Stocker

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb (as Calanthe chrysantha Schltr.), drawing J.J. Smith, from Mayr 531

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb (as Calanthe chrysantha Schltr.), drawing J.J. Smith, from von Römer 997

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb (as Calanthe chrysantha Schltr.), drawing J.J. Smith, from Gjellerup 1060

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb (as Calanthe chrysantha Schltr.), drawing J.J. Smith, from Gjellerup 1060

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb (as Calanthe chrysantha Schltr.), drawing J.J. Smith, from Mayr 531

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb (as Calanthe chrysantha Schltr.), drawing J.J. Smith, from Janowsky 151

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb (as Calanthe chrysantha Schltr.), drawing J.J. Smith, from Janowsky 151

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Calanthe chrysantha Schltr. var. orbicularis J.J.Sm., drawing J.J. Smith, from Mayr 17

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Calanthe chrysantha Schltr. var. orbicularis J.J.Sm., drawing J.J. Smith, from Mayr 17

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Calanthe chrysantha Schltr., from Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 136, fig. 511

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Calanthe chrysantha Schltr. var. orbicularis J.J.Sm., herbarium sheet, Mayr 17, holotype specimen (L)

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Calanthe flabelliformis R.S.Rogers, herbarium sheet, type specimen BRI

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Calanthe ventilabrum Rchb.f., herbarium sheet, Seemann 606, isotype (K)

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, (as Calanthe englishii Rolfe), herbarium sheet, Giulianetti s.n. (1896), holotype (K)

Styloglossum ventilabrum

Styloglossum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, (as Calanthe englishii Rolfe), detail herbarium sheet, Giulianetti s.n. (1896), holotype (K)