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Epipogium roseum

Epipogium roseum

Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 1 (1857) 177

Synonyms:

  • Limodorum roseum D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 30
    - Type: Wallich s.n. (Nepal) (holo BM; iso K)
  • Ceratopsis rosea (D.Don) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1840) 384
  • Galera rosea (D.Don) Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2 (1856) 188
  • Galera nutans Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 416; Tab. & Pl. Jav. Orchid. (1825) t. 3
    - Type: Blume 723 (Mt. Salak) (holo L 2x)
  • Epipogium nutans (Blume) Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5 (1857) 36
  • Podanthera pallida Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Or. 5 (1851) 22, t. 1759
    - Type: Jerdon s.n. (Wynoud) (holo K)
  • Galera pallida (Wight) Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 117
  • Epipogium guilfoylii F.Muell., Fragm. 8 (1873) 30
    - Type: ?
  • Epipogium japonicum Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 18 (1904) 131
    - Type: Aoki & Kurushima s.n. (28-IX-1904); Kurushima & Ioki s.n. (29-IX-1904); Makino & Ioki s.n. (16-X-1904)
  • Epipogium tuberosum Duthie, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 9 (1906) 151
    - Type: Clarke 31230; Duthie's collector 25386
  • Epipogium nutans (Blume) Rchb.f. var. celebicus Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 5
    - Type: Schlechter 20545 (holo B, lost)
  • Epipogon rolfei (Hayata) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 5
  • Galera rolfei Harata, J. Coll. Sci. Tokyo 30 Art. 1 (1911) 348
  • Epipogon kusukusense Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 4 (1914) 121 (in synon.)
  • Galera kusukusensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 4 (1914) 121, pl. 20
  • Epipogon kusukusensis (Hayata) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4 (1919) 153
  • Epipogon makinoanus Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4 (1919) 153
  • Gastrodia schinziana Kraenzl., Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Z. 74 (1929) 66
    - Type: Daeniker 822 (holo Z)
  • Stereosandra schinziana (Kraenzl.) Garay, Arch. Jard. Bot. Rio de Janeiro 13 (1954) 32
  • Epipogium sinicum C.L.Tso, Sunyatsenia 1 (1933) 132
    - Type: ?
  • Epipogium poneranthum Fukuy., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 32 (1942) 243
    - Type: ?
  • Epipogium dentilabellum Ohtani & S.Suzuki, Sci. Rep. Yokosuka City Mus. 6 (1961) 28
    - Type: ?

Basionym: Limodorum roseum

A leafless herb 5-60 cm tall. Rhizomes embedded only shallowly in the top layer of humus, ovoid, up to 6 by 4 cm, but usually much less, lacking roots. Stems brittle. Inflorescence 5-20 cm long; axis hollow, with sheathing scales. Rachis usually nodding at first, few- to many-flowered. Flowers not opening widely, apparently self-fertilising. Sepals similar, narrowly oblong, acute, 0.7-1.2 by 0.1-0.2 cm. Petals slightly shorter and broader than the sepals. Lip triangular-obovate, concave, more or less enclosing the column, 1 by 0.6-0.7 cm, the upper surface minutely warty in 2 rows which converge towards the apex, the margins erose, decurved at apex, spurred, the spur cylindrical, obtuse, 0.2-0.4 cm long. Column 0.2-0.25 cm long. (After Lewis and Cribb, 1991).


Stems pale buff to dull yellow. Flowers cream to yellow with rose-pink spots on the lip.

Terrestrial in forest. Altitude 150-2100 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, New Guinea, The Philippines), Vietnam, Africa (trop.), Asia (trop.), Australia, Solomon Isl. (Kolombangara, Vella Lavella), Vanuatu, New Caledonia.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Terrestrial, probably parasitic on fungi and probably impossible to grow under normal conditions.

April, June, July, October, December.

  • Tian-Chuan Hsu, T.-Y. Aleck Yang, Fred Pitisopa, Moffat Fanerii & Chia-Wei Li, Taiwania 61 (2016) 24
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Nervilieae
  • Subtribe Epipogiinae
  • Genus Epipogium
  • Species Epipogium roseum
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 61, as Epipogium nutans (Blume) Rchb.f.
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1908) fig. 39, as Epipogium nutans (Blume) Rchb.f.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1911) 37, as Epipogium nutans (Blume) Rchb.f.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 16, fig. 51, as Epipogium nutans (Blume) Rchb.f.
  • Dockrill, A. W., Austral. Indig. Orchids 1 (1969) 136, fig.
  • Lewis, B.A. & P.J. Cribb, Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville (1991) 66, fig. 11A-H

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Epipogium roseum

overview picture

Epipogium roseum

Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl., photo E.F. de Vogel, from Java, Mt. Salak

Epipogium roseum

Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl., photo E.F. de Vogel, from Java, Mt. Salak

Epipogium roseum

Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl., photo E.F. de Vogel, from Java, Mt. Salak

Epipogium roseum

Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl., habit, photo N.E.G. Cruttwell, based on Cruttwell (5/78, PNG, E.H. Prov., Nambaiyufa)

Epipogium roseum

Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl., flowers, photo W. Harris, based on Harris 1695

Epipogium roseum

Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl., flowers, photo J. Comber, ex Dorowati

Epipogium roseum

Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl., drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 23, from Bulolo

Epipogium roseum

Epipogium nutans (Blume) Rchb.f., drawing J.J. Smith, collection not recorded

Epipogium roseum

Epipogium nutans (Blume) Rchb.f., drawing J.J. Smith, collection not recorded

Epipogium roseum

Epipogium nutans (Blume) Rchb.f., from Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 16, fig. 51