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Pinalia bractescens

Pinalia bractescens

Pinalia bractescens (Lindl.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 679

Type: Loddiges cult. 214 (Singapore) (holo K)

Synonyms:

  • Eria bractescens Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. (1841) Misc. 18
  • Eria dillwynii Hook., Bot. Mag. 71 (1845) t. 4163
    - Type: Dillwyn Llewelyn cult. (Cuming) s.n. (III-1843, Philippines) (holo K)
  • Eria pulchella Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 3 (1851) 297 (non Lindl.)
    - Type: Griffith 1055 (II-1835, Mergui) (holo K)
  • Eria griffithii Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1870) 163 (nom. nov.)
  • Pinalia pulchella (Griff.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 679
  • Eria littoralis Teijsm. & Binn., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 24 (1862) 312
    - Type: Bogor cult. (Teijsmann) s.n. (Moluccas) (holo L, possible, no loc.)
  • Eria hemimelaena Rchb.f., Hamburger Garten-Blumenzeitung 19 (1863) 11
    - Type: Retemeyer cult. s.n. (Java)
  • Dendrobium subterrestre Gagnep., Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris), sér. 2, 2 (1930) 239
    - Type: Regnier 285 (Indochina) (holo P)
  • Tropilis subterrestris (Gagnep.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 471

Plant glabrous or slightly pilose. Pseudobulbs closely spaced, subcylindrical, straight or often slightly curved or narrowly ovoid, to 18 cm long, 1-2 cm thick, 3-leaved. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, apex obliquely 2-apiculate, shortly petiolate, to 25 by 3.5 cm. Racemes arising from the leaf-axils and about as long as the leaves, slender, rather laxly few- to several-flowered. Floral bracts oblong, acute, fairly large, 1 by 0.4-0.6 cm, glabrous. Flowers glabrous. Sepals 1 cm long. Median sepal narrowly lanceolate, acute, apex reflexed. Lateral sepals triangular, at the base 0.3-0.4 cm wide, strongly narrowed towards the apex; mentum short, obtuse. Petals similar to the median sepal, 0.8 by 0.2 cm. Lip at the base cuneate, strongly dilated towards the apex, c. 1 cm long, in the middle 0.5 cm wide; lateral lobes erect, obtriangular, acute; mid-lobe oblong, obtuse, entire, reflexed, almost in the whole length with three distinctly raised lamellae, which are dilated towards the apex, and papillose near the apex, especially the central one. Anther at the back apiculate. Stelidia large, acute. Ovary 2-2.5 cm long. (After Kraenzlin, 1911).


Floral bracts yellowish. Flowers white, more or less tinged yellow.

Epiphyte in lowland forest. Altitude 20-650 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, The Philippines), Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Nepal, Sikkim, India (NE), Andaman Isl.,.

Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Warm growing epiphyte.

Not known

  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Podochileae
  • Subtribe Eriinae
  • Genus Pinalia
  • Species Pinalia bractescens
  • Smith, J.J., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, Suppl. 2 (1930) t. 47, fig. I, as Eria littoralis Teijsm. & Binn.
  • O'Byrne, P., Lowland Orchid. Papua New Guinea (1994) 94, fig., pl.

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Pinalia bractescens

overview picture

Pinalia bractescens

Pinalia bractescens (Lindl.) Kuntze, plant habit, photo E.F. de Vogel, from Leiden cult. 20030967

Pinalia bractescens

Pinalia bractescens (Lindl.) Kuntze, inflorescences, photo E.F. de Vogel, from Leiden cult. 20030967

Pinalia bractescens

Pinalia bractescens (Lindl.) Kuntze, flowers, photo E.F. de Vogel, from National Capital Botanic Gardens Port Moresby s.n.

Pinalia bractescens

Pinalia bractescens (Lindl.) Kuntze, flowers, photo E.F. de Vogel, from National Capital Botanic Gardens Port Moresby s.n.

Pinalia bractescens

Pinalia bractescens (Lindl.) Kuntze (as Eria bractescens Lindl.), drawing P. O'Byrne

Pinalia bractescens

Pinalia bractescens (Lindl.) Kuntze (as Eria bractescens Lindl.), drawing P. O'Byrne

Pinalia bractescens

Pinalia bractescens (Lindl.) Kuntze (as Eria littoralis Teijsm. & Binn.), drawing J.J. Smith, from J.J. Smith s.n., from Ambon