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Bryobium erioides

Bryobium erioides

Bryobium erioides (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13 (2002) 501 (eriaeoides)

Type: Bancroft s.n. 9-IV-1908 (ex Johnstone River, Queensland) (

Synonyms:

  • Dendrobium erioides F.M.Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl. Suppl. 2 (1888) 56 (holo BRI; iso K) (erioides)
  • Dendrobium eriae F.Muell., Sec. Syst. Census Austral. Pl. (1889) 186
  • Callista erioides (F.M.Bailey) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 654 (eriaeoides)
  • Eria erioides (F.M.Bailey) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 17 (1909) 95 (eriaeoides)
  • Eria parviflora F.M.Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric. Queensland 14 (1896) 15 ?
    - Type: Brisbane cult. (MacGregor) s.n. (New Guinea) (holo BRI)
  • Eria torricellensis Schltr. in K.Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. Südsee (1905) 183 ?
    - Type: Schlechter 14371 (holo B, lost)
  • Eria clausa J.J.Sm., Bull. Dép. Agric. Indes Néerl. 39 (1910) 13 (non King & Pantl.)
    - Type: Römer, von 210; Bogor cult. (Exp. Lorentz (Djibdja 240)) s.n.
  • Eria lorentziana J.J.Sm. & Kraenzl. in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV. 50. II. B. 21 (1911) 132
  • Eria diphylla Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 663
    - Type: Schlechter 16582 (holo B, lost; iso AMES, BO, E, G, K, L 2x, NSW 2x, S)

Basionym: Dendrobium eriaeoides

Epiphyte, erect, 30 cm high; rhizome decumbent; short; somewhat thickened, densely covered with clasping sheaths; roots thin, filiform, elongated, flexuose, rather inconspicuously papillose; pseudobulbs 1-2 cm distant, cylindrical, covered with large, clasping sheaths, apex bifoliate, 5-7 cm high, near the middle 0.7-1 cm diameter; leaves erect or suberect, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, acute or subacute, at the base gradually narrowed into the 4-6 cm long petiole, including the petiole 13-24 cm long, blade in the middle 2-2.7 cm wide; Inflorescence arsing laterally near the apex of the pseudobulbs, erect or suberect, rather laxly 10-20-flowered, 4-7 cm long, the short peduncle and rachis stellate-finely tomentose; bracts erect-patent, elliptic, obtuse, as long as or somewhat shorter than the ovary. Flowers erect-patent, usually cleistogamous, closed. Sepals ovate-elliptic, obtuse, outside sparsely stellate-puberulous. Lateral sepals oblique, at the base dilated along the front margins, mentum obtuse, 0.18 cm long. Petals obliquely elliptic-ligulate, obtuse, glabrous, somewhat shorter than the sepals. Lip at the base broadly cuneate, 3-lobed in apical third, 0.3 cm long, between the apices of the lateral lobes 0.3 cm wide, with a median keel extending to the base of the mid-lobe, with two oblique, equally long but thicker lateral keels, lateral lobes divergent, semioblong. obtuse, mid-lobe somewhat longer, triangular-semioblong, obtuse. Column short, glabrous, column-foot short; lobes of the clinandrium very low. Anther reniform-cucullate, in front retuse, dorsally with a swelling, glabrous. Ovary sessile, cylindrical, minutely stellate-finely tomentose, 0.3 cm long. (After Schlechter, 1911-1914, as Eria diphylla Schltr.)


Flower reddish with yellowish white tips, lip dark red with whitish front lobe.

Epiphyte in lowland and montane forest. Altitude 0-2000 m.

Malesia (New Guinea), Australia, Solomon Islands.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Warm to cool growing epiphyte.

April, June, September, October.

  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Podochileae
  • Subtribe Eriinae
  • Genus Bryobium
  • Species Bryobium eriaeoides
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 8, 3 (1911) 578, t. 98A, as Eria lorentziana J.J.Sm. & Kraenzl.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 662, as Eria torricellensis Schltr.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 221, fig. 838, as Eria diphylla Schltr.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 221, fig. 837, as Eria torricellensis Schltr.
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 14, 3 (1929) 389, as Eria lorentziana J.J.Sm. & Kraenzl.
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 18, 1 (1935) 36, as Eria lorentziana J.J.Sm. & Kraenzl.
  • Lewis, B.A. & P.J. Cribb, Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville (1991) 110, fig. 24C-D

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Bryobium erioides

overview picture

Bryobium erioides

Eria lorentziana J.J.Sm. & Kraenzl., drawing J.J. Smith, from Exp. Lorentz (Djibdja) 240; von Römer 210; (iso L, probable,

Bryobium erioides

Eria diphylla Schltr., from Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 221, fig. 838

Bryobium erioides

Eria torricellensis Schltr., from Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 221, fig. 837

Bryobium erioides

Bryobium eriaeoides (F.M.Bailey) Rolfe, aff., drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 575, from Gazelle Penins., East New Britain Prov.

Bryobium erioides

Eria diphylla Schltr., herbarium sheet, Schlechter 16582, isotype specimen (L)

Bryobium erioides

Eria diphylla Schltr., herbarium sheet, Schlechter 16582, isotype specimen (BO)

Bryobium erioides

Eria parviflora F.M.Bailey, herbarium sheet, type specimen BRI