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Eria javanica

Eria javanica

Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume, Rumphia 2 (1836) 23

Synonyms:

  • Dendrobium javanicum Sw., Neues J. Bot. 1 (1805) 96
    - Type: Thunberg s.n. (Java) (holo S?)
  • Dendrolirium rugosum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 345
    - Type: Blume 313 (Java, Mt. Salak) (holo L 3x)
  • Eria rugosa (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 66
  • Pinalia rugosa (Blume) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 679
  • Eria stellata Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. (1825) t. 904
    - Type: Cattley cult. s.n. (Java?) (holo K?)
  • Octomeria stellata (Lindl.) Spreng., Syst. 4 Cur. Post. (1827) 310
  • Tainia stellata (Lindl.) Pfitzer in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. 2, 6 (1889) 153
  • Pinalia stellata (Lindl.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 679
  • Octomeria vaginata Breda, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Asclep. 1 (1828) sub t. (5)
    - Type: Kuhl & van Hasselt s.n. (Java, Tjiminjak) (holo L?)
  • Eria vaginata (Breda) Benth., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18 (1881) 303
  • Eria cochleata Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. (1844) Misc. 14
    - Type: Loddiges cult. (Cuming?) s.n. (Philippines, Manilla) (holo K)
  • Eria fragrans Rchb.f., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 22 (1864) 415
    - Type: Low cult. s.n. (Moulmein) (herb. Reichenbach 19965; 43705 W)
  • Pinalia fragrans (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 679
  • Eria striolata Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1888, I) 554; Illustr. Hort. 35 (1888) 35, t. 48
    - Type: Linden cult. s.n. (Papua New Guinea) (holo W)
  • Pinalia striolata (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 679
  • Dendrobium perakense Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5 (1890) 712; Hooker's Icon. Pl. (1890) t. 2019
    - Type: Scortechini (Perak)
  • Callista perakensis (Hook.f.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 655
  • Sarcopodium perakense (Hook.f.) Kraenzl. in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV. 50. II. B. 21 (1910) 328
  • Katherinea perakensis (Hook.f.) A.D.Hawkes, Lloydia 19 (1956) 97
  • Tainia sessilifolia Fraser, Gard. World 7 (1890) 187
    - Type: Charlesworth et al s.n. (holo K)
  • Eria pseudostellata Schltr. in K.Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. Südsee (1905) 182 ?
    - Type: Schlechter 14625 (holo B, lost)
  • Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume var. philippinensis Kraenzl. in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV. 50. II. B. 21 (1911) 328
    - Type: ?
  • Eria inamoena Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45, Beibl. 104 (1911) 36 ?
    - Type: Schlechter 15941 (holo B, lost)

Basionym: Dendrobium javanicum

Rhizome creeping, rather thick, roots rather thick, flexuose, villose. Pseudobulbs distant, 2-leaved, ovoid, somewhat laterally compressed, 4-5 by 2 cm. Leaf sheaths 2.5-3 cm long. Leaves erect-patent, lanceolate, 40-45 by 4.5-6 cm, rather thick, glabrous, with prominent veins, base subpetiolate, apex acuminate. Inflorescences from near the apex of the pseudobulb, racemose, erect, straight, about as long as the leaves, at the base terete, upwards subangular, peduncle-scales distant, acuminate, laxly several-flowered. Floral bracts lanceolate, about as long as the ovary, apex acuminate. Pedicel and ovary 1 cm long, clavate, with stellate hairs. Flowers c. 4 cm across. Sepals outside covered with stellate hairs. Dorsal sepal narrowly lanceolate, 2.7 cm long, apex subacuminate. Lateral sepals obliquely narrowly lanceolate, falcate, a little widened at the base, 2.7 cm long, apex subacuminate. Petals narrowly lanceolate, falcate, 2.7 cm long, apex subacuminate. Lip 3-lobed near the middle, 1.5 by 0.6 cm, with 3 lamellae extending from base to apex, these somewhat undulate in apical half; lateral lobes short, rounded; mid-lobe much larger, oblong, margins undulate, shortly acuminate. Column short, clinandrium dorsally with a subcrenulate lobule. Anther cucullate, in front broadly obtuse. (After Schlechter, 1905, as Eria pseudostellata Schltr.).


Flower white.

Epiphyte in beach and lowland forest. Altitude 10-100 m

India (Assam), Thailand, Laos, Sikkim, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sula islands, Celebes, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, New Guinea.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Warm growing epiphyte, needs light position.

February, June, September.

  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Podochileae
  • Subtribe Eriinae
  • Genus Eria
  • Section Eria
  • Species Eria javanica
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 378, as Eria rugosa (Blume) Lindl.
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1911) fig. 287
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 74 (1934) t. 42, fig. 167, as Eria inamoena Schltr.
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 18, 1 (1935) 36
  • Turner, H., Orchid Monogr. 6 (1992) 88, fig. 52, as Tainia sessilifolia Fraser

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Eria javanica

overview picture

Eria javanica

Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume, flower, photo P. O'Byrne, from Borneo, Sarawak

Eria javanica

Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume, photo E.F. de Vogel, from Leiden cult. 7869

Eria javanica

Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume, photo E.F. de Vogel, from Leiden cult. 7869

Eria javanica

Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume, drawing P. O'Byrne

Eria javanica

Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume, drawing P. O'Byrne

Eria javanica

Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume, drawing J.J. Smith, from Feuilletau de Bruyn 249

Eria javanica

Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume, drawing J.J. Smith

Eria javanica

Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume, drawing J.J. Smith, from collection not recorded (from Java or Borneo)