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Eulophia spectabilis

Eulophia spectabilis

Eulophia spectabilis (Dennst.) Suresh, Regnum Veg. 119 (1988) 300

Synonyms:

  • Wolfia spectabilis Dennst., Schlüssel Hortus Malab. (1818) 11, 25, 38
    - Type: Collector?, India, Malabar coast (not found, lecto: Rheede, Hortus Malabaricus 11 (1692) t. 36)
  • Dipodium plicatum Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., Numer. List (1832) n. 7362 (nom. nud.)
  • Dipodium ranala Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., Numer. List (1832) n. 7371 (nom. nud.)
  • Dipodium roniata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., Numer. List (1832) n. 7371 (nom. nud.)
  • Cyrtopera plicata Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 190
    - Type: Wallich 7362 (holo K)
  • Eulophia nuda Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 180
    - Type: Wallich 7371 (syn K); Hamilton s.n. (syn BM)
  • Cyrtopera nuda (Lindl.) Rchb.f., Flora 55 (1872) 274
  • Eulophia hildebrandii Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4 (1919) 262 (nom. nov.)
  • Cypripedium bulbosum Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 637
    - Type: not designated
  • Eulophia squalida Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. (1841) Misc. 77
    - Type: Loddiges cult. (Cuming) s.n. (holo K)
  • Cyrtopodium squalidum (Lindl.) Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philipp. (1885) 150
  • Graphorchis squalida (Lindl.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 662
  • Eulophia bicolor Dalz., Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3 (1851) 343 (non Blume nec Rchb.f. & Sond.
    - Type: Dalzell s.n. (India, Bombay, Syhadrad)
  • Cyrtopera fusca Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Or. 5 (1851) 11, t. 1690
    - Type: Wight? s.n. (Kartairy Falls, Kaitie, Neilgherries); (Conoor) (K); in L: Wight 2973
  • Cyrtopodium fuscum (Wight) Trimen, Syst. Cat. Fl. Pl. Ceylon (1885) 89
  • Eulophia celebica Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 154; Coll. Orchid. (1858) 182
    - Type: Collector? s.n. (Celebes, Manado) (holo L)
  • Eulophia squalida Lindl. var. celebica (Blume) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 71
  • Eulophia elongata Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 154; Coll. Orchid. (1858) 182
    - Type: Korthals s.n. (Sumatra, Tendike) (holo L)
  • Eulophia fusca (Wight) Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 154; Coll. Orchid. (1858) 182, obs
  • Eulophia lutea Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 153; Coll. Orchid. (1858) 181
    - Type: Kuhl & van Hasselt 15 (W. Java, Tjilankahan) (holo L)
  • Graphorchis lutea (Blume) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 662
  • Eulophia mucronata Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 154; Coll. Orchid. (1858) 182
    - Type: Blume s.n. (W. Javan, Bantam prov., Tjidourian) (holo L)
  • Eulophia sumatrana Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 155; Coll. Orchid. (1858) 183, nota; et Miq. Fl.
    - Type: Korthals s.n. (Sumatra, Padang Prov.)
  • Graphorchis sumatrana (Blume) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 662
  • Cyrtopera gardneri Thwaites, Enum. (1864) 302
    - Type: ?
  • Cyrtopera laxiflora Gardner ex Thwaites, Enum. (1864) 302
    - Type: ?
  • Cyrtopera mysorensis Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1859) 32
    - Type: Law in herb. Stocks 56 (holo K)
  • Cyrtopera godefroyi Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg. 1 (1878) 35
    - Type: Godefroy-Lebeuf s.n (Cambodia, Mt. Purset) (18-VI-1875) (holo K)
  • Cyrtopera regnieri Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1886, II) 294
  • Eulophia regnieri (Rchb.f.) Guillaumin, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris), sér. 2, 27 (1955) 395
  • Eulophia elata Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6 (1890) 3
    - Type: Scortechini 2023
  • Graphorchis elata (Hook.f.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 662
  • Eulophia holochila Collett & Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28 (1890) 132
    - Type: Collett s.n. (Shan States, Shan Hills 4000 ft.)
  • Eulophia squalida Lindl. var. neoguineensis Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 418
    - Type: Schlechter 16993; 18939 (B, lost)
  • Eulophia burkei Rolfe ex Downie, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1925) 380
    - Type: Kerr 139; Burke s.n.; Kurz 3247; Hildebrand s.n.; Henry 11141; 12084; 12084a; 13700 pp (syn K)
  • Phaius steppicola Hand.-Mazz., Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 62 (1925) 253
    - Type: ?
  • Geodorum pierrei Gagnep., Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris), sér. 2, 4 (1932) 710, in clavi, 712
    - Type: Pierre 541 (Cambodia) (P); 6576 (P)
  • Semiphajus chevalieri Gagnep., Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris), sér. 2, 4 (1932) 598
    - Type: Chevalier 40598 (holo P)

Basionym: Wolfia spectabilis

A terrestrial herb. Stems erect, up to 15 cm long, leafy, sheathed by cataphylls at base. Leaves 2 or more near the apex of the stem, elliptic-lanceolate, up to 30 by 3.5 cm, narrowing at base, with 5-7 prominent veins. Inflorescence lateral, arising from near the base of the stem, up to 80 cm long, thick and fleshy, few- to many-flowered. Pedicel and ovary up to 4 cm long. Median sepal lanceolate, 2.2-2.5 by 0.4 cm. Lateral sepals obliquely lanceolate, 2.5 by 0.5 cm. Petals ovate, 1.9 by 0.7 cm. Lip obovate, entire, 1.9 by 1 cm, the disc with 7 longitudinal callus ridges, the apical margin undulate; spur broad, flattened, 0.3 cm long. Column 1 cm long. (After Lewis and Cribb, 1991, as Eulophia nuda Lindl.).


Sepals pale green tinged dull purple inside, petals whitish tinged purple, lip creamy white in basal part, purple in apical part, with darker reddish purple veins, or whole flower greenish white turning yellow with age.

Terrestrial in lowland grassland. Altitude 170-200 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, New Guinea, The Philippines), Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, NW Himalaya, Nepal, Sikkim, India (Assam), Burma, China (Yunnan), Nicobar Isl., Fiji, Tonga.

Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Warm growing terrestrial, keep in light position.

March, December.

  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Cymbidieae
  • Subtribe Eulophiinae
  • Genus Eulophia
  • Species Eulophia spectabilis
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 225, as Eulophia squalida Lindl.
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1909) fig. 165, as Eulophia squalida Lindl.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 145, fig. 547, as Eulophia squalida Lindl. var. neoguineensis Schltr.
  • Lewis, B.A. & P.J. Cribb, Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville (1991) 300
  • Chan, C.L., A. Lamb, P.S. Shim & J.J. Wood, Orchid. Borneo 1 (1994) 165, fig. 42, pl. 10B

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Eulophia spectabilis

overview picture

Eulophia spectabilis

Eulophia spectabilis (Dennst.) Suresh, flowers, photo P. O'Byrne, from the Philippines

Eulophia spectabilis

Eulophia spectabilis (Dennst.) Suresh, flower, photo P. O'Byrne, from the Philippines

Eulophia spectabilis

Eulophia spectabilis (Dennst.) Suresh, photo G. Stocker

Eulophia spectabilis

Eulophia spectabilis (Dennst.) Suresh, drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 225, from Bulolo

Eulophia spectabilis

Eulophia squalida Lindl., drawing J.J. Smith, from Branderhorst 309

Eulophia spectabilis

Eulophia squalida Lindl. var. neoguineensis Schltr., from Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 145, fig. 547