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Eulophia zollingeri

Eulophia zollingeri

Eulophia zollingeri (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm., Orchid. Java (1905) 228

Type: Type: Zollinger 585 (holo W)

Synonyms:

  • Cyrtopera zollingeri Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5 (1857) 38
  • Eulophia macrorhiza Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 155, pl. 63, f. 2, pl. 66 B; Coll. Orchid. (1858
    - Type: Blume s.n. (W. Java, Buitenzorg prov., Kuripan) (holo L)
  • Graphorchis macrorhiza (Blume) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 662
  • Cyrtopera sanguinea Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1859) 32
    - Type: Hooker f. 223; 361 (holo K)
  • Eulophia sanguinea (Lindl.) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6 (1890) 8
  • Cyrtopera rufa Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 4 (1861) 302
    - Type: C.P. 3566 (Hantani, 3000 ft.)
  • Cyrtopera papuana Ridl., J. Bot. 24 (1886) 354
    - Type: Forbes 391 (holo BM)
  • Eulophia papuana (Ridl.) J.J.Sm., Nova Guinea 8, 1 (1909) 26
  • Cyrtopera rufa Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 4 (1861) 302
    - Type: C.P. 3566 (Hantani, 3000 ft.)
  • Cyrtopera sanguinea Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1859) 32
    - Type: Hooker f. 223; 361 (holo K)
  • Eulophia sanguinea (Lindl.) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6 (1890) 8
  • Eulophia carrii C.T.White, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 47 (1935) (1936) 82
    - Type: ?
  • Eulophia macrorhiza Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 155, pl. 63, f. 2, pl. 66 B; Coll. Orchid. (1858
    - Type: Blume s.n. (W. Java, Buitenzorg prov., Kuripan) (holo L)
  • Eulophia macrorhiza Blume var. minahassae Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 70
    - Type: Schlechter 20552 (holo B, lost)
  • Eulophia macrorhiza Blume var. papuana Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 417
    - Type: Schlechter 18399 (holo B, lost; iso AMES)
  • Eulophia ochobiensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 6 (1916) 78
    - Type: Hayata s.n. (V-1916, Taiwan, Ochobi)
  • Eulophia zollingeri (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm. f. viridis Yokota, J. Phytogeogr. Taxon. 46 (1998) 184 ('viride')
    - Type: ?
  • Graphorchis macrorhiza (Blume) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 662

Basionym: Cyrtopera zollingeri

Rhizome subterranean, with globose, fist-sized pseudobulbs. Roots thick. Leaves absent. Inflorescences usually two, racemose, erect, 60 cm long, laxly many-flowered, glabrous, 0.75 cm diam.; peduncle-scales tubular; rachis 17 cm long, narrowing towards the apex; floral bracts subulate, patent, 2.4 cm long. Flowers resupinate, 2.5 cm across, patent or nutant, turned to all sides, glabrous. Median sepal lanceolate, 1.6 by 0.4 cm, apex pointed. Lateral sepals lanceolate, 1.6 by 0.4 cm, decurrent on the column-foot, apex pointed. Petals oblong-spatulate, 1.5 by 0.55 cm, parallel to the median sepal; apex acute. Lip 3-lobed, forming a short obtuse basal sac with the column-foot, inside with raised papillose ribs, of which two in the centre of the lip terminate in two flattened calli; lateral lobes short, rounded; mid-lobe porrect, subacute, concave. Column slightly curved, semi-terete, narrowly marginate, glabrous; column foot short; stigma quadratic, rostellum abbreviated. Pollinia triangular, grooved; viscidium ovate, slightly dilated at the base. (After Smith, 1905, as Eulophia macrorhiza).


Sepals and petals red-brown. Lip at the base green, towards the apex purple. Column pale yellow.

Terrestrial in grassland.

Tropical continental Asia, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Celebes, the Philippines, the Moluccas, New Guinea.

Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Warm growing terrestrial, probably almost impossible to cultivate due to its obligate mycotrophy.

October.

  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Cymbidieae
  • Subtribe Eulophiinae
  • Genus Eulophia
  • Species Eulophia zollingeri
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 227, as Eulophia macrorhiza Blume
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1909) fig. 166, as Eulophia macrorhiza Blume
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 145, fig. 546, as Eulophia macrorhiza Blume var. papuana Schltr.
  • Smith, J.J., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sr. 3, 6 (1924) t. 2, fig. II, as Eulophia macrorhiza Blume
  • Dockrill, A. W., Austral. Indig. Orchids 1 (1969) 604, fig.
  • Chan, C.L., A. Lamb, P.S. Shim & J.J. Wood, Orchid. Borneo 1 (1994) 167, fig. 43, pl. 10C

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Eulophia zollingeri

overview picture

Eulophia zollingeri

Eulophia zollingeri (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm., inflorescence, photo Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, based on Edinburgh cult. s.n. (Woods 143)

Eulophia zollingeri

Eulophia zollingeri (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm., flowers, photo N.E.G. Cruttwell, based on Cruttwell (5/86, PNG, Nagamiza)

Eulophia zollingeri

Eulophia zollingeri (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm., drawing J.J. Smith, from Winckel s.n. (from Java)

Eulophia zollingeri

Eulophia zollingeri (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm., drawing J.J. Smith, from Winckel s.n. (from Java)

Eulophia zollingeri

Eulophia macrorhiza Blume var. papuana Schltr., from Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 145, fig. 546