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Eurycentrum salomonense

Eurycentrum salomonense

Eurycentrum salomonense Schltr. in K.Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. Südsee (1905) 90

Type: Guppy 78

Terrestrial, erect, 20-35 cm high. Stem rather thick, leafy above the base, glabrous. Leaves erect 4-7, crowded, oblique, lanceolate to ovate, acuminate, glabrous, petiolate, 4-8 cm long, in basal half 1.5-2.8 cm wide, petiole towards the base conspicuously dilated and cucullate-clasping, 1.5-2 cm long. Inflorescence with distant, lanceolate, acuminate scales, towards the rachis minutely glandulose-puberulous, rachis rather laxly 8-20-flowered. Floral bracts linear-lanceolate, acuminate, 0.4-0.9 cm long, outside minutely puberulous. Flowers erect-patent, secund. Median sepal ovate, acuminate, concave, 0.2-0.3 by 0.2-0.25 cm, outside minutely glandulose-puberulous. Lateral sepals obliquely ovate-lanceolate, 0.35-0.5 by 0.2-0.25 cm, acuminate, outside minutely glandulose-puberulous. Petals obliquely lanceolate-oblong, rather obtuse, along the upper half of the front margin and the lower half of the back margin slightly dilated, 0.3-0.4 by 0.1 cm long. Lip indistinctly 3-lobed, concave, 0.3-0.5 by 0.15-0.2 cm, lateral lobes rounded-triangular, mid-lobe very small, shortly clawed, ovate, obtuse, 0.1 by 0.1 cm; spur compressed, cylindrical-conical, 0.4 cm long, 0.2 cm wide. Column 0.1 cm long. Anther in front slightly 2-umbonate. Ovary cylindrical, glandulose-puberulous, 0.4-0.8 cm long.
(After Schlechter, 1905; Lewis and Cribb, 1991).

Leaves blackish, very dark green or purple with a pink mid-vein above, purple below. Flower whitish with a reddish median sepal.

Terrestrial. Altitude 5-200 m.

Malesia (New Guinea), Solomon Is.

Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution in New Guinea

Warm growing terrestrial, requires shaded position.


  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Orchidoideae
  • Tribe Cranichideae
  • Subtribe Goodyerinae
  • Genus Eurycentrum
  • Species Eurycentrum salomonense
  • Lewis, B.A. & P.J. Cribb, Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville (1991) 34, fig. 4A-J
  • Ormerod, P., Oasis, suppl. 3 (2004) 6
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 26, fig. 86

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Eurycentrum salomonense

Eurycentrum salomonense Schltr., from Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 26, fig. 86