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Galeola nudifolia

Galeola nudifolia

Galeola nudifolia Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 2 (1790) 520

Type: Lourero s.n. (in sylvis Cochinae) (holo BM)


  • Conchoglossum silvestre Breda, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Asclep. 4 (1830) sub t. (17) (not validly published)
    - Type: Kuhl & van Hasselt s.n. (Java) (holo L?)
  • Erythrorchis kuhlii Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1865) t. 119
    - Type: Kuhl & van Hasselt drawing s.n. (Java, Tjibineng) (holo W?)
  • Galeola kuhlii (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1865) 78
  • Galeola hydra Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1865) 77
    - Type: Griffith s.n. (Malacca, Zimjaik, III-1834) (iso L, possible, Griffith s.n., Malacca)
  • Galeola torana J.J.Sm., Nova Guinea 12, 3 (1915) 187, pl. 63, 101
    - Type: Gjellerup 766 (holo BO)
  • Vanilla pterosperma Lindl. in Wall., Numer. List (1829) n. 7402 (nom. nud.)
  • Galeola pterosperma (Lindl.) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45 (1911) 386 (nom. illeg.)

Stem stout, elongated, climbing, rooting at the nodes, with appressed, broadly triangular scales that become smaller upwards. Inflorescence strongly branched, final twigs laxly many-flowered, closely spaced. Floral bracts patent, broadly triangular, acute, strongly concave, tomentose, to 0.25 cm long. Flowers rather large, when entirely spread 3.3 cm wide, sepals dorsally tomentose. Median sepal suboblique, subelliptic, long acuminate, at the apex recurved, narrowly obtuse, contracted at the base, c. 6-nerved, 2 by 0.93 cm. Lateral sepals almost equal, obliquely subovate-elliptic, almost falcate, obtusely acuminate, with recurved margins, c. 8-nerved, 2.15-2.3 by 1.2-1.25 cm. Petals obliquely cuneate-obovate, falcate, at the apex recurved, fairly abruptly obtusely acuminate, base narrow, especially along the upper margin undulate, 5-6-nerved, 1.95-2 by 1-1.13 cm. Lip large, broad, simple, margins clasping the column, strongly saccate-concave, slightly undulate, at the apex slightly recurved, very broad, truncate, obtusely apiculate, wavy, muriculate-ciliate, underneath with a longitudinal groove that is dilated towards the apex, and, especially near the base, sparsely muriculate-papillose, inside especially along the nerves and veins, except near the margins, densely muriculate-papillose, with a rather short, oblong callus that is free at the back side, backwards pointing, not reaching the base of the lip, truncate, and which is provided with two keels that are divergent towards the base of the lip, towards the apex merged, the callus carnose, 0.14 cm wide above the base, on either side at the base with a small, almost hand-shaped callus, lip c. 15-nerved, when not entirely flattened 2.1 by 2 cm. Column strongly curved, dorsally near the apex with two humps, base in front slightly thickened, at the apex finely laciniate; clinandrium deeply concave, transverse, with lacerate and dentate margin; filament recurved, porrect, at the apex laciniate. Anther porrect, cucullate, dorsally compressed, 6-angled, at the apex semiorbicular-notched, dorsally 3-lobulate, 0.28 cm long. Stigma similar to the clinandrium but somewhat larger, transverse, deeply concave, with the lower margin raised. Ovary pedicellate, terete, tomentose, 2.5-3.1 cm long.
(After Smith, 1915, as Galeola torana J.J.Sm.).

Stems and scales brown tinged rose-red. Flower light yellow.

Terrestrial in forest. Altitude 25 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, New Guinea, The Philippines), Thailand, Vietnam, N. India, Burma to China (Hainan).

Papua (Indonesia). See map

distribution in New Guinea

Terrestrial, probably parasitic on fungi and probably impossible to grow under normal conditions.


  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Vanilloideae
  • Tribe Vanilleae
  • Genus Galeola
  • Species Galeola nudifolia
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 68, as Galeola hydra Rchb.f.
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1908) fig. 45, as Galeola hydra Rchb.f.
  • Smith, J.J., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sr. 2, 9 (1913) 10, as Galeola pterosperma (Lindl.) Schltr.

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Galeola nudifolia

Galeola torana J.J.Sm., drawing J.J. Smith, from Gjellerup 766

Galeola nudifolia

Galeola torana J.J.Sm., drawing J.J. Smith, from Gjellerup 766

Galeola nudifolia

Galeola torana J.J.Sm., herbarium sheet, Gjellerup 766, holotype specimen (BO)