Herminium lanceum

Herminium lanceum

Herminium lanceum (Thunb. ex Sw.) Vuijk, Blumea 11 (1961) 228

Synonyms:

  • Ophrys lancea Thunb. ex Sw. Thunb. ex Sw., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 21 (1800) 223
    - Type: ?
  • Satyrium lanceum (Thunb. ex Sw.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2 (1807) 507
  • Aceras lancea (Thunb. ex Sw.) Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1 (1841) 12
  • Spiranthes lancea (Thunb. ex Sw.) Backer, Bakh.f. & Steenis, Blumea 6 (1950) 361
  • Aceras angustifolia Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1835) 282
    - Type: Wallich 7061 (holo K; iso L)
  • Monorchis angustifolia (Lindl.) O. Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1 (1949) 95
  • Platanthera angustifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg. 1 (1878) 39
  • Herminium angustifolium (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 3 (1883) 622
  • Herminium angustifolium (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 3 (1883) 622
  • Aceras longicruris C.Wright ex A.Gray, Mem. Am. Acad. N. S. 6 (1858-9) 411
    - Type: Wright 338 (Ryukyu Arch., Okinawa, Kutomasima) (holo AMES)
  • Herminium longicrure (C.Wright ex A.Gray) Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 3 (1883) 622
  • Aceras angustifolium var. longicrure (C. Wright ex A. Gray) Miquel; Prolus. Fl. Jap. (1866) 139
  • Herminium angustifolium var. longicruris (C. Wright ex A. Gray) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 10 (1896) 109
  • Herminium altigenum Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih.12 (922) 334.
    - Type: CHINA, Tibet, Batang-Litang, Gambu gong ka, 4700 m, Limpricht W., 2327 (holo BRSL; iso B, lost)
  • Herminium minutiflorum Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19 (1924) 373.
    - Type: CHINA, Lo-fou-shan, 1000 m, 9.1917, Levine C.O., 1479 (holo B, lost)
  • Herminium stenostachyum Tang & F. T. Wang, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 7 (1936) 130.
    - Type: CHINA. Yunnan, Sjemen, 5500 ft, Henry A., 13556 (Holotype: K [K000079032])
  • Herminium angustifolium var. nematolobum Handel-Mazzetti, Symb. Sin.7 (1936) 1332.
    - Type: CHINA. Yunnan, Taiwah-se, 1916, Schoch 265 (holo WU! [WU0061579])
  • Monorchis minutiflora (Schltr.) O. Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 95. 1949.
  • Herminium angustifolium var. brevilabre Tang & F. T. Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin.1 (1951) 61.
    - Type: CHINA. Yunnan, Tsai H.T., 61889 (holo PE)
  • Herminium angustifolium var. brevilabre Tang & F. T. Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin.1 (1951) 61.
    - Type: CHINA. Yunnan, Tsai H.T., 61889 (Holotype: PE).
  • Herminium longicrure (C. Wright ex A. Gray) Tang & F. T. Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin.1 (1951) 61., not Benth. & Hook. f. (1883)
  • Herminium lanceum var. longicrure (C. Wright ex A. Gray) H. Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 44: 60. 1969.

Basionym: Ophrys lancea

Tuber present. Stem terete, 0.4 cm, 3-4-leaved. Leaves distant, linear, 1.25 cm wide, upwards passing into the peduncle scales, apex pointed. Inflorescences racemose, stiff, narrow, glabrous; rachis 27.5 cm long, many-flowered. Floral bracts appressed, lanceolate-sublate, 1 cm long, apex pointed, concave. Ovary 0.5 cm long, erect, appressed to the rachis, with patent apex. Median sepal elliptic, 0.27 by 0.17 cm, concave, 1-nerved, apex rounded. Lateral sepals obliquely oblong, 0.3 by 0.16 cm, concave, 1-nerved, apex obtuse. Petals lanceolate, subfalcate, 0.23 by 0.07 cm, 1-nerved, apex subacute. Lip 3-lobed at the apex, 0.48 by 0.27 cm, not spurred; lateral lobes divergent, linear, 0.17 cm long, obtuse; mid-lobe small, triangular, obtuse; at the base shortly adnate to the column, concave with erect margins, 3-nerved. Column very short, porrect, stigma-lobes separate, close together, flat. Anther short, thecae close together. Pollinia pear-shaped, caudicles very short. (After Smith, 1905, as Herminium angustifolium (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f.).


Flower green.

Terrestrial in montane grassland on poor soil, often where seasonally dry.

Tropical continental Asia, China, Korea, Japan, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Celebes, Lesser Sunda Islands, New Guinea, the Philippines.

Papua New Guinea.

Cool growing terrestrial, requires light position and a rather mineral soil.

Not known

  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Orchidoideae
  • Tribe Orchideae
  • Subtribe Orchidinae
  • Genus Herminium
  • Species Herminium lanceum
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 25, as Herminium angustifolium (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f.
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1908) fig. 8, as Herminium angustifolium (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f.

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Herminium lanceum

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Herminium lanceum

Herminium lanceum (Thunb. ex Sw.) Vuijk, photo J. Comber, from Java