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Crepidium zippelii

Crepidium zippelii

Crepidium zippelii (J.J.Sm.) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. Suppl. 3 (1995) 133

Type: Zippelius s.n.(syn L); Wichmann Expedition, Djihdja 140 (syn L)


  • Microstylis moluccana var. sagittata J.J. Sm., Nova Guinea 8: 32. 1909.
  • Malaxis moluccana var. sagittata (J.J. Sm.) Ames & C. Schweinf., Orchidaceae 6: 73. 1920.
  • Microstylis zippelii J.J.Sm. -- Bull. Dépt. Agric. Indes Néerl. 39 (1910) 17
  • Malaxis zippelii (J.J.Sm.) P.F.Hunt, Kew Bull. 24 (1970) 86.
  • Pseudoliparis zippelii (J.J. Sm.) Marg., Ann. Bot. Fennici 40: 64 (‘zippeli’) 2003.
  • Microstylis platycheila Kraenzl., K. Schum. & Laut., Fl. Deutsch. Schutzg. Suds.: 24. 1901.

Plants (11—) 18—30(—40) cm tall, single, sometimes clustered. Rhizome long; internodes covered by loose tubular scales. Leafy stem fusiform, erect, mostly covered by leaf bases and scales (1.3—)3.5—5(—6) by (2—)4—6 mm. Leaves (2—)4—5(—7); petiole channeled (0.4—)0.8—1.5(—2.2) by (0.3—)0.5—0.7(—0.9) cm when spread; leaf sheaths loose, tubular (0.5—)0.8—1.5(—2) by (5—)7—8(—10) cm; blade distinctly oblique, oblong ovate to often lanceolate, (2—)8—10(—13) by (0.9—) 1.5—2.5(—3.5) cm; apex distinctly attenuate and apiculate; 3—5-nerved. Inflorescence dense, erect, (10—) 15—20(—35) cm long; raceme (2—) 5—12 cm long, (40—) 60—100-flowered; peduncle (8—) 10—23cm long. Sterile bracts reflexed, narrowly triangular, usually 0.16—1.2 by 0.14—0.22 cm. Floral bracts deflexed, narrowly triangular to lanceolate, 0.3—0.55 by 0.07—0.15 cm; apex acute to shortly apiculate; 1-nerved. Ovary and pedicel 3—4 mm long, sinuate. Flowers 5—6 mm in diam. Median sepal ovate- oblong to oblong, (0.3—) 0.35—0.45 by (1.3—) 1.8—2.3 cm; margins revolute; apex obtuse. Lateral sepals oblique, ovate, (2.5—) 2.9—3 mm long, (1.7—) 1.9—2.1 mm wide; apex obtuse to subacute. Petals slightly oblique, broadly lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, (0.22—) 0.25—0.3 by 0.09—0.12 cm; base slightly cuneate; apex attenuate, acute; 1-veined. Lip in outline sagittate (0.25—) 0.3—0.35 by (0.18—) 0.2—0.23 cm,; mid-lobe separate from lateral lobes by a distinct indentation, distinctly apiculate at apex; lateral lobes usually divergent, sinuate, distinctly auriculate, (0.08—) 0.01—0.012 by 0.07—0.1 cm, with subacute apex; central part with 2 parallel, longitudinal, thin lamellae 0.13— 0.17 by 0.01—0.02 cm, at base fused into a triangular basal callus 0.03—0.04 mm by 0.05—0.06 cm wide. Column erect or only slightly recurved (0.16—) 0.18—0.21 by (0.6—) 0.08—0.1 cm; minutely papillose; staminodes slightly longer than the anther, oblong, 0.06—0.08 by 0.03—0.05 cm, usually with truncate apex; anther 0.05—0.06 by 0.025—0.035 cm; stigma relatively small. Fruit oblong obovate, 0.8—0.9 by 0.3—0.35 cm.
(after Margonska 2003)

Leaf sheaths green, sometimes brownish or fawn tinged; blade green to dark green above, paler beneath. Floral bracts and ovary and pedicel green. Flowers usually white with pearly shine, sometimes with pale brownish tint; lip yellow-brown to ochre-yellow, sometimes tinged pink, callus often pink to purplish. Column blue, green-blue, yellowish when old, paler at base; staminodes darker and intensively coloured; anther yellow. Fruit fawn to brownish.
(after Margonska 2003)

Terrestrial in primary rain forest on humus-rich and muddy soil; in shady and wet places. Altitude 5—500 m.

Malesia: Moluccas, New Guinea,

Papua (Indonesia): Asmat Regency; Papua New Guinea: Sepik, Gulf, Madang, Morobe and Central Provinces

Warm growing terrestrial

December to June, fruiting January to July.

  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Malaxideae
  • Genus Crepidium
  • Species Crepidium zippelii

J.J. Smith (1909) treated the taxon as a variety of Microstylis moluccana. but later recognised it as a separate species.

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Crepidium zippelii

Crepidium zippelii (J.J.Sm.) Szlach. (as Pseudoliparis zippelii (J.J. Sm.) Marg.). Drawing by Margonska in Ann. Bot. Fennici 40: 64 (‘zippeli’) 2003.