Prev Taxon: Genus Pedilochilus

Current Genus: Genus Peristylus

Next Taxon: Genus Phaius


Prev Species: Peristylus macer

Next Species: Peristylus monticola


Peristylus maingayi

Peristylus maingayi

Peristylus maingayi (King & Pantl.) J.J.Wood & Ormerod in T.E.Beaman et al., Orchids Sarawak (2001) 368

Type: Maingay 3354, Kew Distr. 1663 (Singapore) (holo K).

Synonyms:

  • Habenaria maingayi King & Pantl., J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 66 (1897) 604
  • Peristylus candidus J.J.Sm., Orchid. Java (1905) 36
    - Type: Collector? (Java, Mt. Salak; Ambon; Singapore) (syn. BO?)
  • Peristylus nymanianus Kraenzl., in Südsee Schumann & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. Schutzgeb. (1905) 76.
  • Platanthera sumatrana Schltr., Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 6 (1906) 296
    - Type: Burck s.n. (Sumatra, Padang) (holo B, lost)
  • Habenaria sumatrana (Schltr.) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45, Beibl. 104 (1911) 3
  • Habenaria ovoidea R.S.Rogers & C.T.White, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 32 (1920) (1921) 140
    - Type: Banfield s.n. (Australia, Q, Dunk Islands) (holo BRI; iso AD)
  • Habenaria ovariophora Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9 (1911) 434.
  • Habenaria geoffrayi Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 78 (1931) 69
    - Type: Geoffray 491 (Cambodia, Pnom-leo) (holo P)
  • Habenaria ovoidea R.S.Rogers & C.T.White, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 32 (1920) (1921) 140
    - Type: Banfield s.n. (Australia, Q, Dunk Islands) (holo BRI; iso AD)
  • Habenaria lacertifera Ridl., Fl. Malay Penins. 4 (1924) 230 (non Lindl.)
    - Type: Ridley s.n. (Malay Peninsula, several loc.); s.n. (Singapore)
  • Habenaria geoffrayi Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 78 (1931) 69
    - Type: Geoffray 491 (Cambodia, Pnom-leo) (holo P)
  • Habenaria langbianensis Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 78 (1931) 71
    - Type: Evrard 1219 (Vietnam, Annam, Lang-bian) (holo P)
  • Herminium annamense Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 79 (1932) 36
    - Type: Eberhardt 1901 (Vietnam, Annam, Langbian) (syn P); Lecomte & Finet 1534 (Dalat) (syn P)
  • Habenaria candida (J.J.Sm.) Masam., Enum. Phan. Born. (1942) 188 (non Dalz.)
  • Peristylus langbianensis (Gagnep.) Tang & F.T.Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 1 (1951) 64

Terrestrial herb to c. 50 cm tall. Tuber oblongoid, c. 1.8 cm long, 0.9 cm diam. Stem very short, with c. 3 leaves. Leaves almost radical, 7 by 3.2 cm, horizontally spreading, oblong, acute, apiculate. Inflorescence c. 45 cm tall, laxly many-flowered, with the flowers spirally arranged; rachis angular, c. 11 cm long. Ovary appressed to the rachis, 1.2 cm long. Floral bract lanceolate, acuminate. Median sepal 0.7 by 0.3 cm, oblong-ovate. Lateral sepals 0.6 cm long, obliquely lanceolate, subfalcate, with somewhat recurved apex. Petals 0.73 cm long, oblong, gradually narrowed towards the apex. Lip 0.6 cm long, at base adnate to the column and the petals, 3-lobed; lateral lobes 0.35 cm long, strongly divergent, linear-lanceolate, subfalcate, with incurved, acuminate apex; mid-lobe much smaller, 0.2 cm long, apex incurved; spur small, 0.15 cm long, curved towards the front, ovoid, constricted at the base, apex acute. Column very short, on either side with a small warty auricle that is adnate to the lip; anther obtuse, with the thecae close together, stigmata small, adnate to the auricles and the base of the lip; pollinia with rather long caudicle.
(After Smith, 1905, as Peristylus candidus J.J.Sm.)


Flower pure white, spur green.

Terrestrial in grassland and on swampy ground; 793 to 1800 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, ?Philippines), Cambodia, Vietnam, Australia.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution map

Intermediate growing terrestrial.

March, April, May.

  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1908) fig. 18, as Peristylus candidus J.J.Sm.
  • Smith, J.J., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 9 (1927) 23, as Peristylus candidus J.J.Sm.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 74 (1934) t. 2, fig. 7, as Habenaria sumatrana (Schltr.) Schltr.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 74 (1934) t. 1, fig. 2, as Platanthera sumatrana Schltr.
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Orchidoideae
  • Tribe Orchideae
  • Subtribe Orchidinae
  • Genus Peristylus
  • Species Peristylus maingayi

Sponsored Ads

Peristylus maingayi

overview picture

Peristylus maingayi

Peristylus maingayi (King & Pantl.) J.J.Wood & Ormerod, habit and flower, drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 224, from Wipim

Peristylus maingayi

Peristylus maingayi (King & Pantl.) J.J.Wood & Ormerod, floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith

Peristylus maingayi

Peristylus candidus J.J.Sm., herbarium sheet, probably syntype specimen, Collector? Java Occid. (BO, probably syntype specimen)