Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2 (1856) 180

Type: Zippelius s.n. (Moluccas, Ambon) (holo L)

Synonyms:

  • Bletia amboinensis Zipp. ex Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2 (1856) 180
    - Type: Zippelius s.n. (L lecto, chosen by Cribb, Orchids Samoa (1996) 56)Zippel s.n. (Ambon, Moluccas) (hol
  • Phaius rumphii Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2 (1856) 179
    - Type: Rumphius, Herb. Amb. 6 (1750) t. 52 fig. 1 (Lecto, chosen by Ormerod)
  • Phaius zollingeri Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 1 (1856) 201, t. 76, II, 2-3
    - Type: Zollinger 2849 (holo W)
  • Phaius graeffei Rchb.f. in Seem., Fl. Vitiensis (1868) 299
    - Type: Graeffe s.n. (Samoa, Upolo) (holo W ñ28396)
  • Phaius tahitensis Schltr., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 12 (1926) 161
  • Calanthe grandiflora Nadeaud, Enum. Pl. Tahiti (1873) 37
    - Type: Nadeaud 271 (holo P)
  • Phaius papuanus Schltr. in K.Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. Südsee (1905) 139
    - Type: Schlechter 14595 (holo B, lost)
  • Phaius amboinensis Blume var. papuanus (Schltr.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 375
  • Phaius neocaledonicus Rendle, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 45 (1921) 249, pl. 13 fig. 5-7
    - Type: Compton 1408 (New Caledonia) (holo BM)
  • Phaius pictus T.E.Hunt, Victorian Naturalist 69 (1952) 27
    - Type: Wilkie (Hunt) 513 (Australia, Q, Cook Distr., Bellenden Ker Ra.) (holo BRI)

Terrestrial, erect, stout, to 100 cm high; roots flexuose, elongated, finely villose. Stem erect, stout, angular or subterete, 30-40 cm high, 1.3 cm diam., in basal half with tightly clasping cataphylls, leafy towards the apex. Leaves circa 4, erect, apex pendent, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, at the base gradually narrowed into the petiole, glabrous, veined-plicate, 30-60 cm long, near the middle 5-8 cm wide; petiole short veined, tightly clasping the stem. Inflorescence axillary, erect, straight, with distant, tightly clasping peduncle-scales; slender, shorter than the leaves. Inflorescence laxly several-flowered. Floral bracts lanceolate, acuminate, shorter than the ovary. Flowers patent or pendent, spurless, glabrous. Sepals oblong, obtuse, 2.6 cm long. Lateral sepals somewhat oblique. Petals subspathulate, oblanceolate-ligulate, obtuse, as long as the sepals. Lip at the base concave, broadly cuneate, 2.4 cm long, in the apical part across the base of the lobes 2.6 cm wide, in the apical part 3-lobed, lobes almost equally large and equally long, obtuse, keels 2, parallel, a little widened in the middle, extending from the base to the apex of the lip, decurrent. Column slender, towards the apex somewhat widened, 2.1 cm long. Anther rounded, apex deeply notched. Ovary pedicellate, clavate, 2 cm long, glabrous. (After Schlechter, 1905, as Phaius papuanus Schltr.)


Flower white, sometimes lip light yellow.

Terrestrial in lowland forest, often in deep shade; 20 to 900 m.

Malesia (Java, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines), Australia, New Caledonia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution map

Warm growing terrestrial, requires shaded position.

February, March, April, June, July, September, October.

  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 198
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1909) fig. 148
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 132, fig. 496, as Phaius amboinensis Blume var. papuanus (Schltr.) Schltr.
  • Grundon, N., Orchadian 11 (1994) 171, fig., pl. 30, as Phaius pictus T.E.Hunt
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Collabieae
  • Subtribe Not used
  • Genus Phaius
  • Section Pesomeria
  • Species Phaius amboinensis

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Phaius amboinensis

overview picture

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume, flowering plant, photo J.B. Comber, slide collection R.B.G. Kew, from Indonesia, Sulawesi Utara, Manado

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume, habit and floral analysis, drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 242, from Lolobau Isl. WNBP

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume, floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, from Janowsky 183

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume, column, drawing J.J. Smith, from Janowsky 183

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume, lip, column, and anther, drawing J.J. Smith, from J.J. Smith s.n. (from Ambon)

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume, flower, drawing J.J. Smith, from J.J. Smith s.n. (from Java)

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume, flower, lip, and column, drawing J.J. Smith, from J.J. Smith s.n. (from Java)

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume, lip and anther; cross-section through keels, drawing J.J. Smith, from J.J. Smith s.n. (from Java)

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume var. papuanus (Schltr.) Schltr., drawing R. Schlechter in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 132, fig. 496

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume, herbarium sheet, Zippelius s.n. (Moluccas, Ambon) (holotype specimen L)

Phaius amboinensis

Phaius amboinensis Blume, drawing by Neville Howcroft, based on W. Takeuchi & J. Waikabu 9780 in Sida 20 (2002) 473, fig. 9