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Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hér.) Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2 (1856) 177

Synonyms:

  • Limodorum tankervilleae Banks ex L'Hér., Sert. Angl. (1789) 28 ('tancarvilleae')
    - Type: Kew cult. s.n. (China), herb. J.E. Smith 1403.1 (lecto LINN, chosen by Clements 1989)
  • Bletia tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hér.) R.Br., Bot. Mag. 44 (1817) t. 1924
  • Limodorum incarvillei Pers., Syn. Pl. 2 (1807) 520
    - Type: Not designated.
  • Phaius blumei Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1831) 127 (as nom. nov.)
  • Phaius incarvillei (Pers.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 675 ('Phajus')
  • Limodorum incarvillei Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 374 (non Pers.)
    - Type: Blume s.n. (ex cult.) (holo L)
  • Pachyne spectabilis Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. London, Bot. 1 (1812) 299 (nom. illeg.)
  • Phaius grandifolius Lindl. in Wall., Numer. List (1829) n. 3747 (nomen, non Lour.)
  • Tankervillia cantonensis Link, Handb. 1 (1829) 251
  • Phaius wallichii Lindl. in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2 (1830) 46, pl. 158
    - Type: Calcutta cult. (Smith) s.n. (Sillet) (holo K)
  • Phaius bicolor Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1831) 128
    - Type: Macrae s.n. (Ceylon)
  • Phaius grandifolius Lour. var. superbus Van Houtte, Fl. Serres Jard. Eur., ser. 1, 7 (1851) 259, t. 38
    - Type: not designated? lost?
  • Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hér.) Blume var. superbus (Van Houtte) S.Y.Hu, Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 27, 3-4 (1974) 464
  • Phaius carronii F.Muell., Essay Pl. Burdekin Exped. (1860) 19
    - Type: Burdekin Exp. (Fitzalan?) s.n. (Australia) (holo MEL, sterile)
  • Calanthe speciosa Vieill., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 4, 16 (1861) 44 (non (Blume) Lindl.)
    - Type: not designated
  • Phaius leucophaeus F.Muell., Fragm. 4 (1864) 163
    - Type: Dallachy s.n. (Australia, Rockingham Bay)
  • Phaius bernaysii F.Muell. ex Bernays, Gard. Chron. (1873) 361, 1244
    - Type: Veitch cult. (Bernays) s.n. (Australia, Moreton Bay, Stradbroke Islands) (holo W; iso MEL)
  • Phaius blumei Lindl. var. bernaysii (Rowland ex Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. ex Hook.f., Bot. Mag. 99 (1873) t. 6032
  • Phaius grandifolius Lour. var. bernaysii (Rowland ex Rchb.f.) F.M.Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl. (1883) 515
  • Phaius australis F.Muell. var. bernaysii (Rowland ex Rchb.f.) Nicholls, Victorian Naturalist 67 (1950) 13
  • Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hé.) Blume var. papuanus J.J.Sm., Nova Guinea 12, 3 (1915) 203
    - Type: Bogor cult. (Gjellerup) 466 (holo BO; iso L)
  • Calanthe bachmaensis Gagnep., Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris), sér. 2, 22 (1950) 509
    - Type: Poilane 29735 (Vietnam, Annam) (holo P)
  • Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hér.) Blume f. veronicae S.Y.Hu & Barretto, Chung Chi J. 13, 2 (1976) 25

Basionym: Limodorum tankervilleae

Large terrestrial herb. Pseudobulbs crowded, ovoid, to c. 4 by 3 cm, 3- to 5-leaved. Leaf petiolate, plicate, elliptic, 22-56 by 3.5-6.5 cm, acuminate; petiole including the sheath 11-27 cm long. Inflorescence overtopping the leaves, laxly 4- to 12-flowered; peduncle 52-68 cm long, in the basal part 0.7-1 cm diam.; rachis c. 12.5 cm long. Floral bracts to 4 cm long. Flowers large. Sepals lanceolate, 4.3-5 by 1.1-1.45 cm, acuminate, apiculate. Petals somewhat shorter than the sepals, otherwise similar. Lip spurred, 3-lobed in the apical part, clasping the column, about as long as the petals, inside shortly pubescent, with two longitudinal keels separated by a groove, the keels merging towards the apex; lateral lobes broadly rounded; mid-lobe semi-orbicular, about 1/4 the length of the lip; spur relatively short, c. 1 cm long, at the apex incurved. Column c. 2 cm long, slightly curved, dilated towards the apex, apical margin crenate. Anther broadly cordate, densley pubescent. Pollinia trianguoar-pyriform, somewhat flattened. (After Smith, 1905 & 1915)


Sepals and petals inside light brown, rarely yellow, outside greyish white. Lip greyish white, inside light brown, rarely yellow or whitish, more purple brown at the base of the mid-lobe and on the tips of the lateral lobes, usually with a large purple-brown blotch outside near the tips of the lateral lobes.

Terrestrial in lowland and lower montane grassland, often swampy; 33 to 2867 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, ?Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines), NW Himalaya, Sri Lanka to China, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Japan, Australia, Pacific.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution map

Intermediate growing terrestrial, requires light position.

Flowering observed in every month of the year.

  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 194, as Phaius incarvillei (Pers.) Kuntze
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1909) fig. 145, as Phaius incarvillei (Pers.) Kuntze
  • Dockrill, A. W., Austral. Indig. Orchids 1 (1969) 250, fig.
  • O'Byrne, P., Lowland Orchid. Papua New Guinea (1994) 56, fig.
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Collabieae
  • Subtribe Not used
  • Genus Phaius
  • Section Phaius
  • Species Phaius tankervilleae

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Phaius tankervilleae

overview picture

Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hr.) Blume, inflorescence, photo Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, based on Edinburgh cult. 478

Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hr.) Blume aff., plant habit, photo E.F. de Vogel, based on Leiden cult. 20032442

Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hr.) Blume aff., inflorescence, photo E.F. de Vogel, based on Leiden cult. 20032442

Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hr.) Blume aff., flower, front view, photo E.F. de Vogel, based on Leiden cult. 20032442

Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hr.) Blume aff., flower, oblique front view, photo E.F. de Vogel, based on Leiden cult. 20032442

Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hr.) Blume aff., flower, lateral view, photo E.F. de Vogel, based on Leiden cult. 20032442

Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hér.) Blume, photo Jon Cara, flower, front view, Jon Cara cult. s.n., from Papua New Guinea

Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hér.) Blume, photo Jon Cara, flower, oblique lateral view, Jon Cara cult. s.n., from Papua New Guinea

Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hr.) Blume var. papuanus J.J.Sm., lip and anther, drawing J.J. Smith, from Bogor cult. (Gjellerup) 466

Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L'Hr.) Blume var. papuanus J.J.Sm., herbarium sheet, Bogor cult. (Gjellerup) 466 (isotype specimen L)