Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 37

Synonyms:

  • Coelogyne carnea (Blume) Rchb.f. in Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1861) 237
  • Crinonia carnea Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 339; Tab. & Pl. Jav. Orchid. (1825) t. 41
    - Type: Blume 271, H.L.B. 903, 16-2435 (lecto L, proposed by de Vogel, 1988); Blume s.n., H.L.B. 903, 16-2434 and 2436 (L); s.n. (P, 2 specimens)
  • Pholidota micrantha Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5 (1890) 847 (sphalm)
  • Pholidota cyclopetala Kraenzl. in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV. 50. II. B. 7 (1907) 151
    - Type: Berlin cult. s.n. (III-1907) (holo B, lost)
  • Pholidota bismarckiensis Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1911) 107
    - Type: Schlechter 18611 (holo B, lost; lecto BO, chosen by de Vogel, 1988; iso L)
  • Pholidota celebica Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 19
    - Type: Schlechter 20472 (holo B, lost)
  • Pholidota torricellensis Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1911) 107
    - Type: Schlechter 20133 (holo B, lost; lecto G, proposed by de Vogel 1988; iso BO, L)
  • Crinonia elmeri Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 67 (nom. nud.)
    - Type: Elmer 13834 (holo AMES)
  • Crinonia elizabethiana (Ridl.) Ridl., Fl. Malay Penins. 4 (1924) 137
  • Pholidota elizabethiana Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 6 (1915) 181
    - Type: Ridley 16280 (Mt. Tahan 7100 ft.) (lecto SING, proposed by de Vogel, 1988; iso BM, K); Ridley s.n.

Basionym: Crinonia carnea

Plant 15-45 cm long. Roots to more than 40 cm by 1.5-2 mm. Rhizome portion between two pseudobulbs 0.5-5 cm. Rhizome scales 4-5(-7), shortest one 5-9 mm long, longest one 2-5 cm long, (stiff) herbaceous, margins membranous, nerves 20-35(-42). Pseudobulb scales 2, narrowly triangular, 2-5.5 cm long; soon dry but long persistent and clasping the rhizome scales, the pseudobulbs and the new shoot; herbaceous, margins membranous, nerves 20-45. Pseudobulbs ascending to more or less parallel to the rhizome, sometimes patent, usually very slender, 1.5-6 cm long, when dry with longitudinal coarse folds and usually fine cross-wrinkles. Petiole 5-15(-20) by 1-2.5 mm. Leaf blade ovate to linear, (3-)5-30 by 0.6-2(-2.5) cm; top acute to acuminate; herbaceous to stiff coriaceous; main nerves 3-7, somewhat prominent below, small nerves (14-)25-55(-64), rather inconspicuous. Raceme proteranthous, to synanthous with the just emerged to sometimes almost entirely developed young leaves, 17-40- flowered. Scape short, 0.5-4(-5.5) cm beyond the scales, in fruit elongating to 3-9(-13) cm. Rachis flexible, curved, sometimes more or less zigzag, (3-)4-15 cm long; internodes (1.5-)2-5 mm long. Sterile bracts rarely present, at most one, either like the floral bracts or with the consistency of a leaf Floral bracts ovate to ovate-oblong, caducous at anthesis, 5-I0 by 3.5-5.5 mm; top acute to obtuse; pergamentaceous to membranous, inside at the base sometimes with some scattered, minute hairs; nerves 7-9. Pedicel 0.5-1.5(-2.3) b) c. 0.3-0.6 mm. Ovary 1-6 by 0.5-1.3 mm. Median sepal more or less elliptic, ovate. to ovate-oblong, 1.8-4.2 by 1.2-2.5 mm; top retuse to acuminate. Lateral sepals ovate to ovate-oblong, 2.2-4.5 by 1.2-2.5 mm; top retuse to acuminate; midrib usually somewhat wing-like to the top. Petals more or less elliptic, obovate to ovate (to ovate- oblong), rarely almost orbicular, 1.3-3.7 by 0.8-2 mm; top retuse to acuminate; nerve' (l-)3. Lip 2.2-4 mm long. Hypochile 0.7-2.2 mm long, 0.5-1.8(-2) mm wide. 0.3-0.7 mm high; lateral lobes (broadly) triangular, 0.4-0.8 by 0.4-K-1.5) mm, with a rounded top, on the junction with the epichilium gradually to rather abruptly lowering; nerves 3-5, rarely slightly swollen into faint keels. Epichile more or less recurved, irregularly semi-orbicular to rhomboid when flattened, 0.7-2(-2.3) by 1-2.2 mm. top obtuse to acute. Column 0.4-2.3 mm long; column-foot 0.2-0.8 mm long; hood short, its top margin entire or irregularly serrate, its central part more or less shortly band-like and much shorter than the anther; lateral lobes either absent or narrowly triangular to triangular with more or less acute top, 0.3-0.7 by 0.2-0.6 mm. Anther in outline about irregularly orbicular to cordate, 0.5-1.3 by 0.5-1.3 mm; top truncate. Pollinia 0.3-0.6 by 0.2-0.3 mm. Stigma 0.5-1.2 by 0.5-1 mm. Fruit body ellipsoid, 4.5-7.5 by 2.5-4 mm. (After de Vogel, 1988)


Flowers usually salmon-coloured to pinkish, sometimes tinged brownish, less frequently greenish, white or cream-coloured. Lip sometimes differently coloured, sometimes with yellow or orange spots.

Epiphyte in montane forest; 1100 to 2700 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands, New Guinea, Philippines).

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution map

Intermediate to cool growing epiphyte, requires shaded position.

January, February, March, July, August, September, October, November, December.

  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 158
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1909) fig. 118
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 41, fig. 142, as Pholidota bismarckiensis Schltr.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 42, fig. 143, as Pholidota torricellensis Schltr.
  • de Vogel, E.F., Orchid Monogr. 3 (1988) 53, fig. 23, pl. 5a
  • O'Byrne, P., Lowland Orchid. Papua New Guinea (1994) 84, fig.
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Arethuseae
  • Subtribe Coelogyninae
  • Genus Pholidota
  • Section Crinonia
  • Species Pholidota carnea

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Pholidota carnea

overview picture

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., plant habit, photo E.F. de Vogel, based on Leiden cult. 20030041

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., flowers, lateral view, photo E.F. de Vogel, based on Leiden cult. 20030041

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., flower, oblique lateral view, photo E.F. de Vogel, based on Leiden cult. 20030041

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., flower, photo A. Schuiteman, based on Leiden cult. 20032407, from PNG

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., flower, photo Jon Cara, from Papua New Guinea, Enga Prov., Laiagam

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., plant in situ, photo Graham Corbin, from Papua New Guinea, Southern Highlands Prov., Tari

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., flower, photo Graham Corbin, from Papua New Guinea, Southern Highlands Prov., Tari

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., habit and flowers, drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 585, from Kassan Pass, Bulolo-Wau

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., (as Pholidota bismarckiensis Schltr.,) drawing R. Schlechter in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 41, fig. 142

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., (as Pholidota torricellensis Schltr.,) drawing R. Schlechter in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 42, fig. 143

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., (as Crinonia carnea Blume), herbarium sheet, Blume 271, H.L.B. 903, 16-2435 (lectotype specimen L)

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., (as Pholidota bismarckiensis Schltr.), herbarium sheet, Schlechter 18611 (isotype specimen L)

Pholidota carnea

Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., (as Pholidota torricellensis Schltr.), herbarium sheet, Schlechter 20133 (isotype specimen L)