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Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 30, 4 (1986) 235

Synonyms:

  • Erythrorchis foliata (F.Muell.) F.Muell., Fragm. 2 (1861) 167 (in syn.)
  • Galeola foliata (F.Muell.) F.Muell., Fragm. 8 (1873) 31
  • Galeola ledgeriana F.Muell., Fragm. 11 (1881) 127 (in obs., nom. illeg.)
  • Ledgeria foliata F.Muell., Fragm. 2 (1861) 167
    - Type: Collector? s.n. (Hastings R.); s.n. (Moreton Isl.) / or: Fitzalan s.n. (Pine R.) (holo MEL)?
  • Galeola altissima F.Muell., Fragm. 7 (1871) 135 (non Blume)
    - Type: Australia
  • Galeola ledgeri F.Muell. ex Fitzg., Austral. Orch. 2 (1885) 2, t.
  • Galeola vanilloides Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1911) 29
    - Type: Schlechter 18504; 19035 (B, lost)
  • Pseudovanilla vanilloides (Schltr.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 30, 4 (1986) 236

Basionym: Ledgeria foliata

Tall climber; roots filiform, elongated, flexuose, glabrous. Stem flexuose, terete, glabrous, to 0.9 cm diam., laxly leafy. Leaves elliptical, to 8 by 2.5 cm, acute or subacute, glabrous, somewhat fleshy, with more or less undulate margins. Inflorescence large, much branching, lax, branches at their apex densely 4- to 8-flowered; rachis slightly swollen. Floral bracts minute, deltoid. Sepals oblong-ligulate, 2.6 by 0.6 cm, obtuse, glabrous. Lateral sepals oblique. Petals narrowly subfalcate-ligulate, subobtuse, glabrous, mid-vein on outside thickened, as long as the sepals, 0.4 cm wide. Lip in outline broadly elliptic, 2.1 by 1.6 cm, with the short claw adnate to the column, near the apex indistinctly 3-lobed, with undulate margins; lateral lobes abbreviated-rounded; mid-lobe semiorbicular, indistinctly notched; lip inside with irregular protuberances and in the basal half covered with rather long obtuse warts; median keel double, dilated towards the apex, acute, extending from the base of the lip to the middle. Column semiterete, slender, towards the apex gradually slightly dilated, glabrous, 1 cm long; clinandrium subcrenulate. Anther almost square-cucullate, glabrous, in front subretuse. Ovary cylindrical, glabrous, c. 1 cm long. (After Schlechter, 1911-1914, as Galeola vanilloides Schltr.)


Flowers white, becoming yellow with age, lip with pink veins.

Terrestrial climber in forest, sometimes in disturbed places, rooting in decaying wood; 90 to 1000 m.

Malesia (New Guinea), Australia, Solomon Islands.

Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution map

September, October, December.

  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 14, fig. 43, as Galeola vanilloides Schltr.
  • Dockrill, A. W., Austral. Indig. Orchids 1 (1969) 228, fig., as Galeola foliata (F.Muell.) F.Muell.
  • O'Byrne, P., Lowland Orchid. Papua New Guinea (1994) 10, fig.
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Vanilloideae
  • Tribe Vanilleae
  • Subtribe Not used
  • Genus Pseudovanilla
  • Species Pseudovanilla foliata

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Pseudovanilla foliata

overview picture

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, inflorescence, photo E.F. de Vogel

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, inflorescence, partial, photo E.F. de Vogel

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, flower, front view, photo E.F. de Vogel

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, flower, lateral view

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, flower detail, column and lip, front view, photo E.F. de Vogel

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, inflorescences, photo N.E.G. Cruttwell, from Papua New Guinea (this species is probably not found in the Philippines but is included to illustrate the genus)

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, plant in situ, photo Jon Cara, from Australia, Kondalillia Falls

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, plant in situ, photo Jon Cara, from Australia, Kondalillia Falls

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, stem in situ, photo Jon Cara, from Australia, Kondalillia Falls

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, stem in situ, photo Jon Cara, from Australia, Kondalillia Falls

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, floswer, front view,, photo Jon Cara, from Australia, Kondalillia Falls

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, floswer, lateral view,, photo Jon Cara, from Australia, Kondalillia Falls

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, flower detail, centre of flower, front view, photo Jon Cara, from Australia, Kondalillia Falls

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, flower detail, centre of flower, detail of lip base, front view, photo Jon Cara, from Australia, Kondalillia Falls

Pseudovanilla foliata

Pseudovanilla foliata (F.Muell.) Garay, habit and floral analysis, drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 52, from Bulolo

Pseudovanilla foliata

Galeola vanilloides Schltr., drawing R. Schlechter in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1923) t. 14, fig. 43