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Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis micrantha Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 362

Type: Blume s.n. (Java, Mt. Gede); (Java, Mt. Salak) (syn L 2x); no loc. (syn L); Kuhl & van Hasselt s.n. (syn L)

Synonyms:

  • Saccolabium chionanthum Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1859) 35
    - Type: Reinwardt s.n. (Java) (holo K)
  • Gastrochilus chionanthus (Lindl.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 661
  • Gastrochilus perpusillus (Hook.f.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 661
  • Saccolabium perpusillum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6 (1890) 56; Hooker's Icon. Pl. 22 (1893) t. 2129a
    - Type: Ridley (Singapore, Sungei Buloh)
  • Saccolabium plebejum J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 2, 3 (1912) 77
    - Type: Bogor cult. (Gjellerup) 21
  • Schoenorchis plebeja (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 72 (1912) 101
  • Schoenorchis densiflora Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 986
    - Type: Schlechter 17316 (holo B, lost; iso AMES, BO, E, K, L, MO, NSW)
  • Schoenorchis densiflora Schltr. var. abbreviata Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 986
    - Type: Schlechter 20159 (holo B, lost)

Epiphytic, very small; roots filiform, glabrous. Stem unbranched, curved, leafy, to 15 cm long. Leaves patent, subulate-filiform, above slightly grooved, apiculate, 3-5 cm long, 0.15-0.2 cm diam. Inflorescence densely many-flowered, secund, sometimes as long as the leaves, straight, carrying flowers to near the base. Floral bracts deltoid, shorter than the ovary. Flowers minute, glabrous. Sepals elliptic, obtuse, 0.18 cm long. Lateral sepals minutely apiculate, narrower than the median sepal. Petals obliquely oblong, broadly obtuse, somewhat narrowed towards the base, almost as long as the sepals. Lip in outline oblong, as long as the sepals, in apical third 3-lobed; lateral lobes very short, narrow; mid-lobe much larger, ovate, laterally flattened underneath; spur oblongoid, somewhat incurved, dorsally in the middle a little dilated, 0.11 cm long. Column short, on either side with a tooth; rostellum deeply bifid, large. Anther in front slightly produced, obtuse; pollinia globose; stipe narrowly linear, almost twice as long as the pollinia; viscidium oblong, as long as the stipe. Ovary sessile, c. 0.15 cm long, glabrous. (After Schlechter, 1911-1914)


Flowers white, slightly tinged reddish.

Epiphyte in lowland forest; 10 to 1467 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, New Guinea, Philippines), Thailand, ?Laos, Vietnam, Australia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji.

Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map

distribution map

Warm growing epiphyte.

January, February, March, May, June, July, September, November, December.

  • Hooker, J.D., Hook. Ic. Pl. 22 (1893) t. 2129A, as Saccolabium perpusillum Hook.f.
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 635, as Saccolabium chionanthum Lindl.
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 12, 1 (1913) 102, t. 28, fig. 88, as Schoenorchis plebeja (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm.
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1914) fig. 453
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 12, 4 (1916) 462, as Schoenorchis plebeja (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm.
  • Schlechter, R., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 347, fig. 1339, as Schoenorchis densiflora Schltr.
  • Dockrill, A. W., Austral. Indig. Orchids 1 (1969) 786, fig., as Schoenorchis densiflora Schltr.
  • O'Byrne, P., Lowland Orchid. Papua New Guinea (1994) 528, fig.
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Vandeae
  • Subtribe Aeridinae
  • Genus Schoenorchis
  • Species Schoenorchis micrantha

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Schoenorchis micrantha

overview picture

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis micrantha Reinw. ex Blume, plant habit, photo E.F. de Vogel, from PNG, East New Britain Prov., Leiden cult. 20081992

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis micrantha Reinw. ex Blume, stem with inflorescences, photo E.F. de Vogel, from PNG, East New Britain Prov., Leiden cult. 20081992

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis micrantha Reinw. ex Blume, inflorescence, photo E.F. de Vogel, from PNG, East New Britain Prov., Leiden cult. 20081992

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis micrantha Reinw. ex Blume, plant habit in situ, on tree trunk, photo E.F. de Vogel, from PNG, West New Britain Prov.

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis micrantha Reinw. ex Blume, inflorescence, photo E.F. de Vogel, from PNG, West New Britain Prov.

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis micrantha Reinw. ex Blume, flowers, various views, photo E.F. de Vogel, from PNG, West New Britain Prov.

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis micrantha Reinw. ex Blume, habit and flowers, drawing N.H.S. Howcroft 513, from New Hanover

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis plebeja (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm., floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, from Janowsky 201

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis plebeja (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm., habit, drawing Natadipoera, from Janowsky 201

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis plebeja (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm., floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, from Bogor cult. (Gjelerup) 21

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis densiflora Schltr., drawing R. Schlechter in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21 (1928) t. 347, fig. 1339

Schoenorchis micrantha

Saccolabium plebejum J.J.Sm., herbarium sheet, Bogor cult. (Gjellerup) 21 (holotype specimen BO)

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis densiflora Schltr., herbarium sheet, Schlechter 17316 (isotype specimen L)

Schoenorchis micrantha

Schoenorchis micrantha Reinw. ex Blume, herbarium sheet, Kuhl & van Hasselt s.n. (syntype specimen L)