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Spathoglottis aurea

Spathoglottis aurea

Spathoglottis aurea Lindl., J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 5 (1850) 34

Type: Veitch cult. (Malay Peninsula, Malacca) (holo K)

Synonyms:

  • Spathoglottis wrayi Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5 (1890) 812; Hooker's Icon. Pl. 21 (1892) t. 2086
    - Type: Wray (Perak, 4500 ft.)
  • Spathoglottis microchilina Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 17 (1893) 484
    - Type: Micholitz s.n. (Sumatra, Padang) (holo B, lost)

Leaves petiolate; blade lanceolate, including the petiole 30-50 by 2.5-4 cm, apex acuminate. Inflorescences racemose, to 60 cm long, glabrous; peduncle-scales few, open, acute; rachis few-flowered. Floral bracts concave, scarcely as long as the pedicel, apex acute, glabrous. Flowers c. 3 cm diam. Median sepal oblong, apex acute. Lateral sepals oblong, apex acute. Petals oblong, apex acute. Lip 3-lobed, more or less cruciform when flattened at the base; callus bilobed, obovate, obtusely semi-twisted, sparsely hairy; lateral lobes linear, obtusely falcate, curved in front; mid-lobe linear-lanceolate, narrow, folded at apex, at the base with two triangular lobules, apex acute when flattened; smaller than the column. (After Howcroft, 1992).


Sepals and petals golden yellow tinged with purple, lateral lobes of lip purple; floral bracts greenish brown.

Terrestrial on open slopes; 1750 to 2100 m.

Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, New Guinea), Vietnam.

Papua (Indonesia). See map

distribution map

Cool growing terrestrial, requires light position.

January, April, May, December.

  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java (1905) 218
  • Smith, J.J., Orchid. Java, Fig.-Atl. (1909) fig. 161
  • Smith, J.J., Nova Guinea 14, 3 (1929) 356, as Spathoglottis microchilina Kraenzl.
  • Smith, J.J., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, Suppl. 2 (1930) t. 44, fig. II
  • Wood, J.J., Orchid. Borneo 3 (1997) 223, fig. 97, pl. 26A, as Spathoglottis microchilina Kraenzl.
  • Family Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily Epidendroideae
  • Tribe Collabieae
  • Subtribe Not used
  • Genus Spathoglottis
  • Species Spathoglottis aurea

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Spathoglottis aurea

overview picture

Spathoglottis aurea

Spathoglottis aurea Lindl., flowers, photo J. Comber, R.B.G. Kew 34628, based on from Malaysia, Genting Highlands

Spathoglottis aurea

Spathoglottis aurea Lindl., flowers, photo J. Comber, R.B.G. Kew 34628, based on from Malaysia, Genting Highlands

Spathoglottis aurea

Spathoglottis microchilina Kraenzl., floral analysis, drawing J.J. Smith, from Gjellerup 1044