Genus Dendrobium section Herpetophytum
Genus Dendrobium sect. Herpethophytum Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 451. Type species: Dendrobium herpethophytum Schltr.
- Herpethophytum (Schltr.) Brieger in Schltr., Orchideen ed. 3, 1 (1981) 660. Type species: Herpethophytum schlechteri Rauschert (basionym: Dendrobium herpetophytum Schltr.).
Epiphytes. Roots thin. Rhizome short to elongated. Stems numerous, elongated and slender, wiry, not fleshy, branching, many-leaved. Leaves usually short and linear, sometimes quite fleshy, long-lived, glabrous ; leaf sheath tubular, glabrous. Inflorescences lateral from the stem, very short, 1-flowered. Flowers very small, not resupinate, opening synchrone, lasting less than 1 day, white, usually with purplish markings on the lip. Lateral sepals usually coherent; mentum conspicuous, spur-like. Lip mobile on the apex of the column foot, 3-lobed, sometimes entire, usually with a pair of fleshy ridges or a U-shaped callus in the centre.